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Pāli Proper Names — H

Hadayunha-parivena.– A monastery on Cetiyagiri, built by Sena Iḷanāga and given over to the Dhammarucikā. Cv.lii.18.

Hakureli.– A village in Sri Lanka, where Bodhirājakumārī lived in her former life. Ras.i.100.

Hālakola.– A Damiḷa stronghold, captured by Dutthagāmanī. Issariya was general of the fort. Mhv.xxv.11.

Hālavāhanaka.– A Damiḷa general, subdued by Dutthagāmanī. Mhv.xxv.13.

Hāliddakāni Suttā.– Three suttas describing the interviews that Hāliddakāni (q.v.) had with Mahā-Kaccāna at Kumaragharapapāta in Avanti. S.iii.9 f; 13 f; iv.115 f. See also MNid.i.197 f.

Hāliddakāni, Hāliddikāni


Haliddirāga Jātaka (No.435)

Hallolagāma.– A village of outcastes (caṇḍāla) near Anurādhapura, where Asokamālā was born (Ras.ii.117). Elsewhere it is described as being near Mahāgama (Ras.ii.125).

Hambatthi.– A reservoir built by King Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.50.

Hambugallaka.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, where a Thera, named Tissa, versed in the Nikāyas, brought about reconciliation between Vaṭṭagāmaṇī and his disaffected ministers. Mhv.xxxiii.71 ff.

Hamsa 1.– A palace occupied by Kassapa Buddha in his last lay life, before his renunciation. Bu.xxv.35; BuA.217 calls it Hamsavā.

Hamsa 2.– A palace occupied by Phussa Buddha before his renunciation. Bu.xix.15.

Hamsa Jātaka (No.502)
See the Cūḷahamsa Jātaka and Mahāhamsa Jātaka.

Hamsā Vagga.– The twelfth section of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā. J.i.424‑40.

Hamsā.– A palace occupied by Dīpankara Buddha before his renunciation. Bu.ii.208.

Hamsārāma.– A monastery in Hamsavatī, where Padumuttara Buddha lived. Ap.ii.501.

Hamsavaha.– The horse on which Sujāta Buddha left household life. BuA.168.


Hamsavatta.– A religious building erected by Sirināga to the south of the Mucela-tree in Anurādhapura. Mhv.xyxvi.56; MT.664.

Hāni Sutta.– On seven things that lead to a lay disciple’s decline — failure to see monks, neglect of the Dhamma, etc. A.iv.25.

Hankanaka.– A place, evidently in Sri Lanka, where lived Mahādatta Thera. VibhA.489; Vism.634.

Hankana-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, where lived an old Thera who believed himself to be an Arahant. Dhammadinna of Talanga asked him to create an elephant and make it approach him. This he did, but was so scared at the sight that he knew his mistake regarding his attainment, and asked forgiveness of Dhammadinna. MA.i.150.

Hankāra.– A village in Sri Lanka, given by Aggabodhi III for the meditation hall (padhānaghara), called Mahallarāja. Cv.xliv.120.

Hankārapitthi.– A place in Sri Lanka outside the gate of Kapallakkhanda. There Iḷanāga inflicted a great defeat on the Lambakaṇṇā, who had risen against him. Mhv.xxxv.34.

Hanumantadvāra.– One of the gates of Pulatthipura. Cv.lxxiii.161.

Hāragaja.– A class of devā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.260.

Haranti Sutta.– On the four kinds of birth as harpies (Supannā) and their ability to carry away the different kinds of Nāgā. S.iii.247.

Harantika.– A thief who later became an Arahant. See Araññaka Mahā-abhaya.

Harayo-devā.– A class of devā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta (D.ii.260). The Commentary explains (DA.ii.691) that they were all named Hari.

Hari.– See Harayo.

Hārika v.l. Hārita.– A bandit of Rājagaha. After death he was born as a hungry ghost (peta) with a headless trunk, and was seen by Mahā-Moggallāna. His mouth and his eyes were on his chest. S.ii.260.


Hārita Jātaka.– See the Hāritaca Jātaka.

Hāritā.– A yakkhinī, wife of Pandaka. These two and their five hundred children became Stream-winners when Majjhantika Thera taught them in the Himavā. Mhv.xii.21.

Haritaca Jātaka (No.431)

Harītakīvāta.– A place in Rohana, mentioned in the account of the wars of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.173.

Haritamaṇḍūka Jātaka (No.239)

Harittaca.– The Bodhisatta born as a brahmin. See the Hārita Jātaka.

Hāsajanaka Thera.– An Arahant, Ninety-one world-cycles ago he saw the rag robe of a Buddha hanging from the branch of a tree. Pleased with the sight, he did obeisance to it. Ap.i.259.

Hāsapaññā Sutta.– Four conditions — associating with the good, listening to the Dhamma, systematic attention, and practising in accordance with the Dhamma — if developed and cultivated lead to joyous wisdom. S.v.412. See also Gambhīrapaññā Sutta.

Hattanna.– A village near Nālanda, in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the wars of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.215, 296.

Hatthā v.l. Bhattā

Hatthā.– One of the chief lay women supporters of Padumuttara Buddha. Bu.xi.26.


Hatthaka Sutta 1.– Describes the visit to the Buddha of Hatthaka Alavaka after his birth as a devaputta (Brahmā) in Avihā. A.i.278 f.

Hatthaka Sutta 2.– The Buddha praises Hatthaka Alavaka (q.v.) for eight qualities possessed by him. A.iv.216 f.

Hatthaka Alavaka



Hatthapadopamā Sutta.– Two suttas. Where there is a hand, there are seen taking up and putting down. Similarly, with a foot are coming and going; with a limb, bending and stretching; with a belly, hunger and thirst. Likewise, where there is eye, arises eye contact, and consequent personal weal and woe, etc. S.iv.171 f.

Hatthāroha Sutta.– A villager of Rājagaha who visited the Buddha and asked him what destiny awaited him after death. The Buddha replied that he would be born in the Parajita niraya. S.iv.310. See Yodhājīva Sutta

Hatthārohaputta Thera


Hatthibhoga.– The district given for the maintenance of Ilanāga’s state elephant, who saved the king from the prison into which he was cast by the Lambakaṇṇā (Mhv.xxv.20 f., 44). It was in the south of Sri Lanka and in the village was the Pangura-vihāra. MA.i.530.

Hatthidāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he presented an elephant to Siddhattha Buddha. Seventy-eight world-cycles ago he was king sixteen times, under the name of Samantapāsādika. Ap.i.208.

Hatthidvāra.– One of the gates of Pulatthipura. Cv.lxxiii.160.


Hatthigavassasutta.– Few abstain from accepting elephants, cattle, and horses. Most do not. S.v.472.

Hatthigiripura, Hatthiselapura

Hatthikkhandha-vihāra.– A monastery built by Sūratissa to the east of Anurādhapura (Mhv.xxi.4) and near the village of Dvāramandala. MT. 424.

Hatthikucchipabbhāra.– A glen in which was the Mahindaguhā, covered by forest, at the entrance to a deep valley. Vism.110.

Hatthikucchi-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka where Aggabodhi I built a pāsāda, bearing the name of his daughter Dāthā (Cv.xlii.21). Aggabodhi VI built there another pasāda (Cv.xlviii.65) which was restored by Aggabodhi IX. (Cv.xlix.76). It was evidently a famous vihāra. See, eg., Vism.120.

Hatthimukha.– One of the mouths of the Anotattadaha. SNA.ii.438.

Hatthināga Vagga.– The second section of the Cariyapitaka.

Hatthinika.– One of the four sons of the third Okkāka, by his queen Hatthā (q.v.) In Mtu.i.348 he is called Hastika-Sirsa.

Hatthinipura.– A city in the kingdom of Kuru, the residence of the courtesan Serinī (q.v.) PvA.201.

Hatthino Sutta.– Few are they who refrain from accepting elephants, cattle, horses and mares, many who do not. S.v.472.

Hatthipadopama Sutta.– See Cūḷahatthipadopama Sutta and Mahā­hatthipadopama Sutta.

Hatthipāla 1.– A teacher of old, with a following of many hundred disciples to whom he taught the way to union with Brahmā. (A.iii.371, 373; iv.135). He is perhaps identical with Hatthipāla (2).

Hatthipāla 2.– The Bodhisatta, born as son of the chaplain of Esukārī, king of Bārāṇasī. See the Hatthipāla Jātaka.

Hatthipāla Jātaka (No.509)

Hatthipora.– A village in Sri Lanka, built on the spot where Nandhimitta forced the elephant Kandula to squat on its haunches. Mhv.xxv.23.

Hatthiporikā.– A clan, probably the people of Hatthipura. Ap.ii.359.

Hatthipura.– A city founded by the eldest son of Apacara, king of Ceti (J.iii.460). Later, thirty-six kings of the dynasty of Mahāsammata, sons and grandsons of a king named Brahmadatta, reigned in Hatthipura, the last king being Kambalavasabha. Dpv.iii.18; MT. 127, 130.

Hatthirājavaṇṇa Sutta.– Shortly after his Enlightenment the Blessed One was sitting in the open near the Goatherd’s Banyan Tree. Wishing to frighten him, Māra created the form of a king elephant. The Buddha recognised him, addressing him in verse, and so Māra disappeared. S.i.103.

Hatthisālā.– A religious building in Anurādhapura. Mahinda IV, built for it an alms hall, and gave to beggars who came there alms and couches. Cv.liv.30.

Hatthisāriputta.– See Citta Hatthisāriputta.

Hatthiselapura.– See Hatthigiripura.

Hedillakhandagāma.– A ford in the Mahāvālukagangā. Cv.lxxii.45.

Heligāma 1.– A village near Mahāgāma, gifted by King Vasabha to the Anurārāma-vihāra. Mhv.xxxv.83.

Heligāma 2.– A pāsāda erected by Kassapa III. Cv.xlviii.24; see Cv, Trs.i.112, n.3.

Helloligāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. King Buddhadāsa saved a Candāla woman there from death in childbirth. Cv.xxxvii.140.

Hemā 1.– A woman who lived in a village near Anurādhapura. She married a man near Mahātitthapattana. Once, wishing to see her husband, she went along the sea and was seized by a Nāga. However, when he discovered that she knew the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta by heart he paid her great honour. Ras.ii.135 f.

Hemā 2.– An eminent Therī who accompanied Sanghamittā to Sri Lanka. Dpv.xv.78; xviii.11.

Hema.– A class of elephants having the strength of one hundred million men. UdA.403; AA.ii.832; BuA.37, etc.


Hemaka-māṇava Pucchā.– The questions asked of the Buddha by Hemaka. SN.1084‑7.

Hemamālā.– Daughter of Guhasīva, king of Kālinga. She and her husband, Dantakumāra, brought the Tooth Relic to Sri Lanka. Dāthāvamsa iv.9 f.

Hemamālaka, Hemamālī.– Another name for the Mahā Thūpa

Hemamandira.– A building erected in Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I. for the ceremonies of expiation by the brahmins. Cv.lxxiii.71.

Hemaneru.– See Sineru.

Hemāsā.– An eminent Therī, teacher of the Vinaya at Anurādhapura in the time of Devānampiyatissa. Dpv.xviii.24.

Hemasālī-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. In the time of Mahinda II. there was a Thera in the vihāra, expert in the Abhidhamma, and the king had the Abhidhamma recited by him, and built a bathing reservoir for the Thera’s use. Cv.xlviii.142.

Hemavālika-(Mālika)-cetiya.– See Mahā Thūpa.



Hemavata Sutta.– Contains the conversation between Hemavata and Sātāgira regarding the Buddha, and the details of their visit to the Buddha. It is the ninth sutta of the Uraga Vagga of the Suttanipāta. SN.153‑80.

Hemavatī.– A channel branching off from the Parakkamasamudda in the direction of the Mahāmeghavana. Cv.lxxix.41.

Heraññakāni Thera

Hetu Sutta See also Sahetu Sutta

Hihobu.– A place in Rohana, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.94.

Hillapattakakhanda.– A ford in the Mahāvālukagangā, mentioned in the account of the wars of Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv. lxxii.41). There was also a reservoir of the same name. Cv.lxxix.37.

Himavā Sutta.– Six things, possession of which will enable a monk to cleave Himavā. A.iii.311.

Himavā.– The name given to the Himālaya.

Himavanta Sutta.– As the Nāgā nurture their bodies and acquire strength in the Himavā before descending into the rivers and the oceans, monks acquire strength by cultivating the seven factors of enlightenment based upon morality. S.v.62. See also Pabbatūpama Sutta

Himiyānaka.– A Vanni chief in the service of Bhuvanekabāhu I. Cv.xc.33.

Himsaka.– See Aṅgulimāla.

Hīnādhimuttika Sutta.– Those of an inferior disposition associate with others of a similar nature. Those with an average or superior disposition likewise associate with others of a similar nature. S.ii.154. cf. Ahirikamūlaka Sutta, etc.

Hinga.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70.

Hingū.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70.

Hingulapabbata.– A mountain in Himavā (J.v.415), where Nālaka died. SNA.ii.501; but see J.v.415 for a variation.

Hintālavanagāma.– A village in Rohana, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.162; lxxv.7, 11, 17; see Cv. Trs.ii.44, n.3.

Hiraññamalaya.– A locality in Rohana. Cv.lvii.62.


Hiri Jātaka (No.363).– The story of both the present and the past is the same as those of the Akataññu Jātaka (q.v.) J.iii.196 f.

Hiri Sutta

Hirī, Hiridevī.– Daughter of Sakka. See the Sudhābhojana Jātaka. She is identified with Uppalavaṇṇā. J.v.412; cf. Mtu.iii.309.

Hiri.– A yakkha chieftain to be invoked in time of need by followers of the Buddha. D.iii.205; DA.iii.970.

Hīyagalla.– A place near Anurādhapura, through which passed the boundary (sīma) of the Mahāvihāra. Mbv. 135,136.

Homagāma.– A village on the banks of the Candabhāgā. It was the residence of Marutta (q.v.)

Hona, Honaka.– See Gonaka.

Hoti ca naca hoti Tathāgato Sutta.– The wrong view that the Tathāgata both exists and does not exist after death arises from clinging to the five aggregates. S.iii.215.

Hoti Tathāgato Sutta.– The wrong view that the Tathāgata exists after death … S.iii.215


Hukitti.– A Lankānātha, chief of Rerupallika, in the Malaya district; he was defeated by the officers of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.25.

Hulapitthi-vihāra v.l. Cūlavitthi°.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by King Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.43.

Hundarīvāpigāma.– A village in the Kulumbari district, the birthplace of Dutthagāmanī’s general, Mahāsona. Mhv.xxiii.45.

Huvācakannikā.– A district in Sri Lanka where Mahādathika Mahānāga built the Cūlanāgapabbata-vihāra (Mhv.xxxiv.90). The district was in Rohana. MT. 637.

Hūva-rattha, Ūva-rattha.– A district in the Malaya province in Sri Lanka. Cv.lx.66; xcv.22.

Huyalagāma.– A village in Rohana, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I, Cv.lxxv.18. 149, 150; see Cv.Trs.ii.59, n.1.