Pabbajita Sutta.– See Pabbajjā Sutta (2)
Pabbatabbhantara.– The Pāḷi name for the Burmese Taung dwin gyī. Bode, op.cit., 43.
Pabbatachinnā.– An eminent nun of Sri Lanka. Dpv.xv.78; in xviii, she is called Pabbatā.
Pabbatakumāra.– The son of Dhanananda. He was kidnapped by Cāṇakka who brought him up with his protégé, Candagutta. On discovering that Pabbata was the weaker, he contrived to have him murdered as he slept. For details see MT.183 ﬀ.
Pabbatārāma.– A monastery built by Pabbata, minister of Vaṭṭagāmaṇī. It is probably the same that is mentioned in the Mahāvaṃsa Tīkā (p.616) as lying to the south of Vessagiri-
Pabbatarattha.– A district in the centre of Videharattha. In it was the city of Dhammakonda, the residence of Dhaniya. SNA.i.26.
Pabbatūpatthara Jātaka (No.195)
Pabbhāradāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. He once cleaned the shed (pabbhāra) in which Piyadassī Buddha kept his drinking water and provided him with a pot. Twenty-
Pabhaṅgu Sutta.– Form … feeling … perception … mental formations … consciousness are fragile. Their cessation (i.e. nibbāna) is not fragile. S.iii.32.
Pabhankara Thera.– An Arahant. He once saw the cetiya of Padumuttara Buddha covered with trees and creepers and quite inaccessible. He cleared it and made it ready for worship. Ap.i.269‑70.
Pabhassara Sutta.– The mind is luminous, but is defiled by taints from without. It can, however, be cleansed of these taints. A.i.10.
Pabhassara.– A king of long ago, a previous birth of Mahā-
Pabhedavatthu, Pabhejavatthu.– See Mahejjāghara.
Pacāyika Sutta.– Few are they that pay respect to the elders of the clan; more numerous those that do not (S.v.468). Both the text and the uddāna call this the Pacāyika Sutta, but the correct name is Apacāyika (honouring), and it should be altered to this.
Paccanīka Sutta.– Once the brahmin Paccanīkasāta of Sāvatthi visited the Buddha and asked him to recite a doctrine. However, the Buddha refused, saying that there was no use in trying to teach one whose heart was corrupt and full of animosity. This refusal seems to have pleased the brahmin. S.i.179.
Paccanīkasāta.– A brahmin of Sāvatthi, to whom the Buddha refused to teach (see Paccanīka Sutta). Buddhaghosa says (SA.i.205) that the Brahmin was so called (“Gainsayer”) because he took delight in opposing everything that anyone else said.
Paccanta Sutta.– Few are those born in Majjhimadesa; more numerous those born in the outlying districts (Paccanta janapada), among unknowing (aviññātāresu) barbarians (milakkhesu).¹ S.v.466.
¹ Not knowing the language of Magadha (Pāḷi), they could not easily learn and comprehend the Buddha’s teaching. Nevertheless, they might be civilised, not necessarily barbarians (ed.)
Paccarī.– See Mahāpaccarī.
Paccayasangaha.– A compilation by Vācissara. Gv.71.
Pacceka Brahmā.– Mention is made in one or two places in the books of Brahmas who are described as Pacceka Brahmā — e.g., Subrahmā, Suddhāvāsa and Tudu. I have not come across any explanation of this term. It may designate a Brahmā who does not live in any recognised Brahmā world, but in a world of his own.
Pacchābhū Thera.– The teacher of Malitavambha (Thag.vs.105; ThagA.i.211); the word perhaps means “born in the west”; see below.
Pacchābhūmaka Sutta.– See Asibandhakaputta Sutta.
Pacchābhumma (Pacchābhūma).– The name given to the district to the west of Majjhimadesa (S.iii.5, 6; SA.ii.186). Mention is also made of the Pacchābhūmaka brahmins, who are carriers of water pots, fire worshippers, and who claim to be able to send a man heavenward after death. e.g., A.v.263; see also S.iv.311.
Pacchāsamana Sutta.– The five qualities that should be absent in a monk who is taken as an attendant (pacchāsamaṇa).¹ A.iii.137.
¹ Literally, the monk who walks behind when going for alms. 1) He walks far behind, 2) he walks too close, 3) he doesn’t take the almsbowl when it is full, 4) he doesn’t restrain you when your speech is bordering on an offence, 5) he interrupts when you are teaching (ed.)
Pacchidāyaka Thera.– See Mudita Thera.
Pacchimadesa, Pacchimadisā, Pacchimapassa.– A province in Sri Lanka, probably in the west. Cv.xliv.88 f; but see Cv. Trs.i.82, n.4. In the province was the Vallipāsāna-
Pacchimārāma.– A monastery, probably to the west of Pulatthipura. It was founded by Parakkamabāhu I and contained twenty-
Paccorohanī Sutta.– Jāṇussoṇi tells the Buddha how, on certain fast days, the brahmins perform a ceremony called paccorohanī, when they bathe and purify themselves and worship the fire three times during the night. He then asks the Buddha whether the Noble Ones have a corresponding observance, and the Buddha answers him. A.v.233 ﬀ.
Paccorohanī Vagga.– The twelfth section of the Dassaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya (A.v.222‑37). One of the suttas deals with the “spiritual coming down again” (paccorohani); hence, probably the name of the Vagga.
Paccuggamanīya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pacetana.– A king of old, whose wheelwright was the Bodhisatta (A.i.110). See the Sacetana Sutta.
Pācīna Suttā.– A group of suttas, in all of which it is stated that just as certain rivers (e.g. Gaṅgā, Yamunā, Aciravatī, etc.) tend to flow eastward, so the monk who cultivates the Noble Eightfold Path tends to nibbāna. S.v.38 f.
Pācīnadesa.– The Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. It was less important than the Dakkhiṇadesa (See, e.g., Cv.xlviii.33, 41). It is also called the Pubbadesa (e.g., ibid.,xlv.21) and the Puratthimadesa (Ibid., xii. 33).
Pācīnakā.– By this name are described the Vajjiputtakā who raised the Ten Points that occasioned the Second Council (Mhv.iv.47,48). They were so called because they belonged to the East (MT.165,166).
Pācīnakambavitthi.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.48.
Pācīnapabbata.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, on the Vanguttarapabbata, and built by Sūratissa. Mhv.xxi.5.
Pācīnavamsa.– The name of Mount Vepulla in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. The inhabitants were called Tivarā, and it took them four days to climb the mountain and four days to descend. S.ii.190.
Pācittiya.– One of the two main divisions of the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. It contains Vinaya rules connected with the Pāṭimokkha, the violation of which can be expiated in some way.
Pacuruyyāna.– A park in Sri Lanka, laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.12.
Padakkamana.– See Padavikkamana.
Padakusalamānava Jātaka (No.432)
Padalañchana.– A village in Sri Lanka where Vajirā, queen of Kassapa V, built a monastery for the Theravādins (Cv.lii.63). Mention is made (Ibid., liv.44) of a temple of four cetiyas in Padalañchana, which was burnt down by the Coḷā and restored by Mahinda IV.
Pādañjali Jātaka (No.247)
Pādapāvara.– Seven world-
Pādapīthiya Thera.– An Arahant. In the past he made a footstool for the seat of Sumedha Buddha. Ap.ii.400.
Padapūjaka.– See Pādapūjaka Thera.
Padarūpasiddhi.– See Rūpasiddhi.
Padarūpavibhāvana.– A commentary on Nāmarūpapariccheda. Gv.71.
PadasaññakaThera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Padavārasuññakanda.– A district in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka. Cv.lxvi.10.
Padāvi.– A locality in Sri Lanka where Udaya I built a large hall for the sick. Cv.xlix.19.
Padavibhāga.– A grammatical work by a monk named Ñāna. Bode, op.cit., 71.
Padavikkamana.– A king of eighty-
Padhānaghara.– See Mahāpadhānaghara.
Padhānarakkha.– A monastery in Sri Lanka where Mānavamma erected the Sepannipāsāda. Cv.xlvii.64.
Padīrattha.– A district in Sri Lanka, where Māgha and Jayabāhu set up fortifications. Cv.lxxxiii.16; see also lxxxviii.64; and Cv.Trs.ii.149, n. 9.
Padīvāpī.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu II. Cv.lxxix.34. See also Cv.Trs.ii.119, n.2.
Pādiyattha.– A district, the birthplace of Jotidāsa Thera (ThagA.i.264). v.l. Pāniyattha.
Pādulaka.– A reservoir built by Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.50.
Paduma Jātaka (No.261)
Padumacchadaniya Thera.– An Arahant. He offered a lotus at the pyre of Vipassī Buddha. Forty-
Padumaccharā.– A name given to the nymphs who danced in the lotus blossoms, which grew in the ponds between the tusks of Erāvana. SNA.i.369.
Padumadhāriya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Padumaghara.– A building in Anurādhapura, where gifts were presented to the monks (Mhv.xxxiv.65). It was in the palace grounds and was near the Padumapokkharanī. MT.633.
Padumakesariya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Padumanahānakottha.– A bathing pool in the form of a lotus, built in Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.45.
Padumapokkharanī.– A pond in Anurādhapura in the palace grounds. Nearby was the Padumaghara. MT.633.
Padumapuppha (or Puṇḍarīka) Sutta.– Once a monk, living in a forest tract in Kosala, returned from his almsround and, plunging into a lotus pool, deeply inhaled the perfume of the lotus. A deva of the forest, wishing to agitate him, called him a thief and engaged him in conversation. S.i.204 f.
Padumapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Padumassara.– A park in Anurādhapura laid out by King Kutakanna Tissa. Mhv.xxxiv.35.
Padumissara.– A king of forty-
Padyapadoruvamsa.– The name given to the Mahāvamsa by the author of the Mahāvamsa Tīkā. v.l. Padyapadānuvamsa.
Pahātabba Sutta.– Everything must be cast away. One of ten suttas in the Sabbavaggo.S.iv.29.
Pahecivatthu.– See Mahejjāgharavatthu.
Pahīna Sutta.– Six things have been given up by individuals who have achieved right view — personality-
Pajāka.– A king. Lambacūlaka was in his kingdom and Mendissara (q.v.) lived there with his followers (J.iii.463). However, elsewhere (J.v.133) we are told that LambacūIaka, was in the kingdom of Caṇḍappajjota. Does this mean that the kingdom of Caṇḍappajjota was identical with that of Pajāka?
Pajjamadhu.– A Pāḷi poem of one hundred and four stanzas, by Coliya Dīpankara or Buddhappiya, on the beauty of the Buddha’s person, his teaching, and the Saṅgha. P.L.C.222; Svd.1260.
Pajjaraka.– The name of a disease that afflicted Abhayapura (capital of Sri Lanka) in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. It was due to the influence of the yakkha Punnakāla. Kakusandha visited the Island to dispel the disease. It is defined as a fever of the head (uṇhasīsābādha). Mhv.xv.63; MT.349.
Pākasāsana.– A name for Indra. Cv.lxxii.186; Abhidhānappadīpikā 20.
Pākatindriya Sutta.– Once, a company of monks, staying in a forest grove in Kosala, were distracted (uddhata), puffed up (unnaḷa), vain (capala), of muddled mindfulness (muṭṭhassatino), confused (asampajānā), uncomposed (asamāhitā), uncontrolled in their senses (pākatindriya), with their minds wandering (vibbhantacittā). Out of compassion, the deva that haunted the forest admonished them, which agitated them. S.i.203 f.
Pakinnaka Nipāta.– The fourteenth section of the Jātakaṭṭhakathā. J.iv.276, 374.
Pakkanta Sutta.– The Buddha addresses the monks at Gijjhakūṭa, soon after Devadatta had seceded from the order, and tells them that Devadatta’s gain was his ruin, in the same way as the flowering of the plantain, the bamboo, and the rush. S.ii.241.
Pakkagodha Jātaka (No.333)
Pakudhanagara.– A city, evidently in Burma, once the centre of great literary activity. See Gv. 65; but elsewhere (Gv.67), the works attributed to the residents of Pakudhanagara are stated to have been written in Kañcipura. See also Gv. 75, where reference is made to a Makuranagara, v.l. Pakuta. Perhaps this is the same as Pakudha.
Pakulā.– See Sakulā.
Pāla.– See Cakkhupāla.
Palaganda.– One of the seven human beings born in Avihā, where they will pass completely away. S.i.35, 60, etc.
Palandīpa.– A country in South India. Vīradeva was once its king. Cv.lxi.36.
Palannagara.– A village and a monastery in Sri Lanka. Aggabodhi II built a meditation hall (padhānaghara) attached to the monastery in honour of the Thera Jotipāla. Cv.xlii.50.
Palāsa Jātaka (No.307, 370)
Palāsavana.– A wood near Naḷakapāna in Kosala. The Buddha stayed there (A.v.122), and it was there that the Naḷakapāna Sutta was taught. M.i.462.
Palāsinā Sutta.– One should put away what is not his eye, ear, etc. S.iv.128 f.
Palāyita Jātaka (No.229)
Pālikapāsāda.– A building erected by Kassapa V. Cv.lii.66; see also Cv. Trs.i.168, n.8.
Pālileyya Sutta.– When the Buddha was staying in a forest near Pārileyya, some monks asked Ānanda to take them to him. This he did, and the Buddha, reading the thoughts of certain monks, taught a discourse on the destruction of the corruptions (āsava) by the full realisation of impermanence and the absence of any self. S.iii.95 ﬀ.
Pālimuttaka Vinayavinicchaya.– See Vinayavinicchaya.
Pallanka vimāna vatthu.– The story of a woman of Sāvatthi who was married to a youth of equal rank, with whom she lived a virtuous life. After death she was born in Tāvatiṃsa, where Mahā-
Pallankadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. He once gave a couch (pallaṅka), with cushions, etc., to Sumedha Buddha. Twenty thousand world-
Pallava.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.55, 73.
Pallavabhogga.– A country from which came Mahādeva, together with four hundred and sixty thousand monks, for the foundation ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa (Mhv.xxix.38). Geiger thinks the reference is to Persia. Mhv. Trs.194, n. 2.
Pallavakā.– The name of a clan, occurring in a nominal list. Ap.ii.359.
Pallavavāla.– A locality in Sri Lanka occupied by Mānābharana in his campaign against Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxii.178,220.
Pallavavanka.– A harbour in Sri Lanka, the starting place of the expeditionary force sent by Parakkamabāhu I. against the king of Kamboja. Cv.lxxvi.46.
Pallikavāpī.– A locality where Gokanna, general of Gajabāhu, was once defeated. Cv.lxx.73.
Paloka Sutta.– A wealthy brahmin asks the Buddha why there is an apparent decrease of human beings. The Buddha answers that it is because the world is ablaze with unlawful lusts, wrong doctrines, and depraved longings. There is no reasonable rain, harvests are poor, and men die easily. A.i.159 f.
Palokadhamma Sutta.– The Buddha tells Ānanda that the world (loka) is so called from its transitory nature (palokadhamma). In the teachings of the Noble Ones the world consists of the eye, objects, etc. S.iv.53.
Palutthagiri.– A locality in Rohaṇa, the scene of two fierce battles against the Colas, in both of which they were defeated, once in the reign of Mahinda V, (Cv.Iv.28) and again in the twelfth year of the reign of Vijayabāhu I. (Ibid., Iviii.18).
Pamāda Vagga.– The ninth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.i.15 f.
Pamādavihārī Sutta.– The difference between him who dwells in heedlessness and him who dwells in earnest. S.iv.78.
Pamatta.– Fifteen world-
Pamokkharana.– A king of seventy-
Pamsu Sutta v.l. Cīvara Sutta.– The five classes of rag-
Pamsudhovaka Sutta.– The process of getting rid of the impurities found in gold ore is a very gradual one, involving many stages; so is the progress in ecstatic meditation, the first step in which is the removal of the gross sins. A.i.253.
Pamsukūlasaññika Thera.– An Arahant. He was a hunter in the time of Tissa Buddha, and, one day, seeing in the forest a rag-
Pamsupisācakā.– A class of goblin (pisāca), born in filth. MA.ii.713, 921; UdA.247. The word is used as a term of contempt. e.g., AA.i.438; MA.ii.610, 611.
Pāna Sutta.– Few are they who abstain from taking life, more numerous they who do not. S.v.468.
Pānadhidāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pananagara.– A village in Sri Lanka which was one of the centres of the campaigns of Paṇḍukābhaya. Mhv.x.27.
Panasabukka.– A village in the Guttahāla district of Sri Lanka. Cv.lxi.12.
Panasaphaladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Panasiyarāja.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.99.
Pāṇātipāta Sutta 1.– Few abstain from killing living-
Pāṇātipāta Sutta 2.– Endowed with four things, monks, one is thrown into hell. What four? One kills living-
Panayamāra or Panayamāraka.– A Damila ursurper who slew Bāhiya, another ursurper, and reigned in Anurādhapura for seven years (between 439 and 454) until he, in turn, was slain by his commander-
Pañca Sutta.– See Anattalakkhaṇa Sutta. S.iii.66.
Pañcacūlaka.– The name of Sanankumāra when he was born as a human in a former birth. He practised the absorptions (jhāna), and having died in that state, was born in the brahma world (MA.ii.584). Probably, “Pañcacūḷaka” here is not a name but a description meaning “while he was yet a lad with his hair tied in five knots.”
Pañcacūlakagāmadāraka.– The disguise assumed by Vissakamma when, acting on Sakka’s orders, he went with Asoka to fetch the relics for his cetiyas. These relics lay buried, and no one had been able to find them. DA.ii.614; see Pañcacūḷaka above for more probable explanation.
Pañcadīpī.– See Pañcadīpadāyikā Therī.
Pañcadīpika Thera.– An Arahant. He was once a follower of Padumuttara Buddha and lit a lamp under his Bodhi tree. Thereby he obtained the power of being able to see through all obstacles. Thirty-
Pañcadīpika.– See Pañcadīpadāyikā Therī.
Pañcagaru Jātaka.– See Bhīruka Jātaka (No.132)
Pañcagati Buttā.– A series of suttas in which the Buddha declares that, through not understanding the Four Noble Truths, beings continue to be born in one or other of the five conditions: as humans, animals, hungry ghosts (peta), devā, or in hell (niraya). S.v.474 ﬀ.
Pañcagativannanā.– The name of a Commentary. Gv.65, 75.
Pañcaggalalenavāsī Tissa.– A young novice who could travel through the air. One day, while so journeying, he heard the daughter of the chief artisan of Girgāma singing in a lotus pond while bathing with five hundred friends. He was attracted by her voice and lost his concentration. SNA.i.70.
Pañcaka.– See Pandaka and Pañcikā.
Pañcakaṅga Sutta.– S.iv.223f. See the Bahuvedanīya Sutta.
Pañcālacaṇḍa Sutta.– See Pañcālacanda
Pañcamaka.– One of the ten sons of Kāḷāsoka (q.v.)
Pañcambangana.– A place in Mahāmeghavana in Anurādhapura. Here Dārubhatika Tissa had a pond made, which was later filled up by Dhātusena, who had a series of cells built there. It is probably identical with Pañhambamālaka (q.v.) Mhv.xxxiv.23; MT 626.
Pañcangika Vagga.– The third section of the Pañcaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iii.14‑32.
Pañcanguliya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pañcanīvarana Sutta.– On the five hindrances, their evil results and the means of getting rid of them. A.i.3 ﬀ.
Pañcapandita Jātaka (No.508)
Pañcappakarana.– The name given to the collection of the books of the Abhidhamma Piṭaka, with the exception of the Dhammasaṅgaṇī and the Vibhaṅga. There is a Commentary on these by Buddhaghosa and Ānanda Vanaratana. P.L.C.210; Gv.64‑75.
Pañcasatarattha.– A district in Sri Lanka (the modern Pansiyapattu to the North east of Kandy) where King Senāratna once deposited the Tooth Relic to guard it from his enemies. Cv.xcv.9.
Pañcasatikā.– The name given to the First Council, which was held under the presidency of Mahā-
Pañcasatikakhandhaka.– The eleventh section of the Cūḷavagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.
Pañcasattatimandira.– A building erected in Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I for “the reception of the magic water and the magic thread given him by the yellow robed ascetics.” (Cv.lxxiii.73) Geiger suggests that the building was used for Paritta ceremonies. Cv.Trs.ii.9, n.2.
Pañcasikkhāpada Sutta.– On account of a common element those who commit the five evils — take life, steal, etc. — consort with those who do likewise. S.ii.167.
Pañcasīla Sutta.– Taught to Anuruddha. Endowed with five things a woman is born in heaven after death: she abstains from killing living-
Pañcasīlavisārada Sutta.– Endowed with five things, a woman dwells at home with confidence. S.iv.250.
Pañcattaya Sutta.– Taught at Jetavana. It deals with various schools of thought and their doctrines regarding the future. Some say the self is conscious, others deny this; some teach annihilation, others deny that. The Buddha does not support any of these speculations. M.ii.228 ﬀ.
Pañcavera Sutta.– Taught to Anuruddha. Endowed with five things a woman is born in hell after death: killing living-
Pañcavihāra.– A place near Pulatthinagara to which Parakkamabāhu I and his followers retreated while awaiting a favourable opportunity to advance against Mānābharana. Cv.lxxii.116 f.
Pañcāvudha Jātaka (No.55)
Pañcikā.– See Moggallāna Pañcikā.
Pañcuddharattha.– The name of the districts lying round the modern city of Kandy. Cv.xciv.4; xcv.23, 24; xcvi.17; see Geiger, Cv.Trs.ii.233, n.2.
Pañcuposatha Jātaka (No.490)
Pandarakā.– The name of a river that is mentioned with Mallangiri and Tikūta as a haunt of Kinnarī. (J.iv.438, 439).
Pandaranga.– A sect of brahmin ascetics; they are mentioned in the time of the Buddha (e.g., DhA.iv.8) and also in that of Asoka. Perhaps they covered their bodies with ashes. e.g., Dpv.viii.35; Sp.i.44.
Pandarasa.– See Pandara (4).
Pandaranāgarāja Jātaka (No.518)
Pandavāvana.– A park laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lixix.12.
Pandavavāpī.– A reservoir and a monastery in Sri Lanka, restored by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.48, 58). The reservoir was later enlarged by Parakkamabāhu I and converted into the Parakkamasamudda. Ibid., lxviii.39; for its identification see Cv.Trs.i.219, n.1.
Pandimandalanādālvara.– A Damila chief. Cv.lxxvi.179.
Panditakumāraka.– A Licchavi who, with Abhaya, visited Ānanda at the Mahāvana in Vesāli and held a discussion regarding ascetic practices. A.i.220 f.
Panditapañha.– See Pañcapaṇḍita Jātaka.
Pandiyarāyara.– A Damila chief. Cv.lxxvi.174, 178.
Pandriya.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.184.
Pandugati Nanda.– One of the Nava-
Panduka Nanda.– One of the Nava-
Pandula.– A brahmin of Pandulagāma, rich and learned in the Vedas. He taught Pandukābhaya, advised him in the choice of a wife, gave him one hundred thousand with which to raise an army, and allowed his son Canda to accompany him as his friend and counsellor. Mhv.x.20 ﬀ.
Pandunādukottāna.– A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvii.105.
Pandupura.– A village near Sāvatthi. DhA.iii.449.
Panga.– The name of a Pacceka Buddha, found in a nominal list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.
Pañhamandapatthāna.– A place near the Abhayavāpi in Anurādhapura. SA.iii.151.
Panītatara Sutta.– The four kinds of birth among the Nāgā and the pre-
Paniva.– A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvi.184,186.
Pānīya Jātaka (No.459)
Pānīyadvāra.– One of the gates of Pulatthipura erected by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiii.162.
Pañjalipabbata.– A mountain in South Sri Lanka, at the source of the Karindanadī. Here Theraputtābhaya lived after he renounced the world and became an Arahant. v.l. Pañcalipabbata, Pajjalitapabbata. Mhv.xxxii.14; Thūpavamsa 77.
Pankadhā Sutta.– See Saṅkavā Sutta
Pankadhā.– See Saṅkavā
Pankavela.– A village in Sri Lanka where Vikkamabāhu II defeated Jayabāhu I and his brothers. Cv.lxi.16; see also Cv. Trs.i.226, n.2.
Pañña Jātaka.– See Pānīya Jātaka
Pañña Vagga.– The third section of the Paṭisambhidāmagga.
Paññābāhulla Sutta.– Four conditions — associating with the good, listening to the Dhamma, systematic attention, and practising in accordance with the Dhamma — if developed and cultivated lead to abundant wisdom. S.v.412.
Paññābala Sutta.– On the four powers: wisdom, energy, blamelessness (anavajja) and friendliness (saṅgaha). A.ii.142.
Paṇṇaka Jātaka v.l. Dasaṇṇaka Jātaka (No.401)
Pannakata.– A city in Esikārattha. Pv.iv.7; PvA.195 ﬀ.
Paññañjalika Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Paññāpaṭilābha Sutta.– Four conditions — associating with the good, listening to the Dhamma, systematic attention, and practising in accordance with the Dhamma — if developed and cultivated lead to obtaining wisdom. S.v.411.
Pannasālaka.– A village in Sri Lanka. Kalyānavatī, the first queen consort of Kitti Nissanka, was fond of this village and built a vihāra there, endowing it with all manner of possessions. Cv.lxxx.35.
Pannattankotta.– A locality in South India, mentioned in the account of Laṅkāpura’s campaigns. Cv.lxxvi.313.
Paññattivādā (v.l. Pannattivādā)
Pannavallakabhūta.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.47.
Paññavanta Sutta.– A monk questions the Buddha on the meaning of being wise (paññavā) and sharp-
Paññāvepulla Sutta.– Four conditions — associating with the good, listening to the Dhamma, systematic attention, and practising in accordance with the Dhamma — if developed and cultivated lead to the fullness of wisdom. S.v.411.
Paññāvuddhi Sutta.– Four conditions that conduce to growth in wisdom: association with the good, listening to the Dhamma, systematic attention, and practising in accordance with the Dhamma. S.v.411, A.ii.245.
Pannika Jātaka (No.102)
Panthaka 2.– Mentioned as the name of a man. J.i.403.
Pāpa Sutta.– The wicked man is he who takes life, steals, etc., and is of malicious heart; more than wicked is he who encourages others in these things. Just so with the good and the more than good. A.ii.222 f.
Pāpabhikkhu Sutta.– Mahā-
Pāpabhikkhunī Sutta.– … an evil nun. Pāpasāmaṇera Sutta.– … an evil novice. Pāpasāmaṇerīsutta.– .. an evil female novice. Pāpasikkhamānasutta.– … an evil female probationer. S.ii.260.
Pāpadhamma Sutta.– On the man who is wicked by nature and the one who is more than wicked; also on him who is of good nature and the one who is more than good. A.ii.223.
Pāpaka.– A monk who, believing that his name was of ill omen, wished to change it. The Buddha taught him the Nāmasiddhi Jātaka (q.v.) to show that a name has no importance. J.i.401 f.
Papañcasūdanī.– Buddhaghosa’s Commentary on the Majjhimanikāya. The colophon states that it was written at the request of the monk Buddhamitta of Mayūrapattana. The work is quoted in the Samantapāsādikā. Sp.iv.870.
Pāpanivāriya Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Piyadassī Buddha he had cleaned the cloistered walk of the Buddha and shown great exertion in the fulfilment of religious practices. Eleven world-
Papāta Sutta.– The Buddha once went with some monks to Paṭibhānakūṭa for the siesta, and a certain monk, seeing the precipice below them, asked if any precipice were greater and more fearful than that. Yes, answered the Buddha, the precipice of ignorance of the nature of suffering. S.v.448 f.
Papāta Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Sacca Saṃyutta. S.v.446 ﬀ.
Papatita Sutta.– He who does not possess the virtue, concentration, wisdom, and release of the Noble Ones, is said to have fallen away from the Dhamma-
Pappata.– A grove near the modern Colombo. Parakkamabāhu VI erected there the Sunetta parivena in memory of his mother. Cv.xci.24; see also Cv.Trs.ii.216, n.3 and 4.
Papphālama.– A landing place in Rāmañña where the forces of Damilādhikarin landed. Cv.lxxvi.63.
Pāra Sutta.– The Buddha teaches of the further shore (beyond saṃsāra) and the path leading thereto. S.iv.369.
Paradārika Sutta.– About a man of Rājagaha, an adulterer, born as a hungry ghost (peta) in a dung pit and seen by Mahā-
Pāragā.– A class of devā. D.ii.260.
Pāragangā.– The region beyond the Gaṅgā (e.g., J.ii.333; vi.427), to be exiled into which was a great punishment. e.g., SN. pp.32, 47.
Pārājikā.– The first of the two divisions of the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.
Pārājikākanda.– The first chapter of the Pārājikā.
Pārājikuddesa.– The third of the five divisions of the Pāṭimokkha.
Parakkamabāhupāsāda.– A monastic building attached to the Valligāma-
Parakkamapandu.– One of the three Virapperayaras whom Laṅkāpura won over with gifts to alliance with Vīrapandu. Cv.lxxvii.6.
Parakkamasāgara.– A reservoir built by Parakkamabāhu I. It was connected with the Kāragangā by the Godāvarī Canal. Cv.lxxix.28,67.
Parakkamatalika.– A reservoir built by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxix.27). See Parakkamabāhu.
Parakkantabāhu, Parakkantabhuja.– See Parakkamabāhu.
Parakusinātā.– One of the cities of Uttarakuru, described as having been built on an airy base. D.iii.200.
Paramannadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Paramarāja.– A king of Ayodhya (in India?) who built a monastery, called the Lankārāma, for the elder Dhammakitti. P.L.C.245.
Paramatta.– A Brahmā who was present at the Mahāsamaya. D.ii.260.
Paramatthabindu.– A grammatical work on Pāḷi, by King Kyocvā of Pagan. There is a Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on it by Mahā-
Paramatthadīpa.– Another name for the Khemappakaraṇa (q.v.)
Paramatthadīpanī 2.– The name given to the Pañcappakaratthakathā. SadS.60.
Paramatthamañjūsā 1.– Dhammapāla’s Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on the Visuddhimagga. P.L.C.113.
Paramatthamañjūsā 2.– An Abhidhamma treatise by Vepullabuddhi. Bode, op.cit., 28.
Paramatthavinicchaya.– A treatise on the Abhidhamma written by Anuruddha of Kāñcipura. There exists a Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on it by Mahābodhi Thera. P.L.C.173 f; Gv.61,71; Svd.1226, 1230; Sās.69. It was written at the request of Saṅgharakkhita. Gv.71.
Pāramīmahāśataka.– A Pāḷi poem of one hundred verses, in twelve sections, dealing with the ten perfections (pāramī), written by Dhammakitti Sangharāja. The poem is based on the Jātaka and the Cariyāpiṭaka. P.L.C. 242.
Parammarana Sutta.– Mahā-
Pāraṅgama Sutta.– Two similar suttas on crossing to the farther shore by developing and cultivating the Noble Eightfold Path (S.v.24), and by developing and cultivating the seven factors of enlightenment (S.v.81).
Paraṅgī.– The Pāḷi name for the Portuguese, who invaded Sri Lanka. e.g., Cv.xcv. 5, 96; xcviii.80.
Parantapabbata.– One of the ambassadors sent by Devānampiyatissa to Asoka. Dpv.xi.29, 31.
Pārāpara.– The name of a family. See Pārāpariya Thera.
Pārāpata Jātaka.– See Romaka Jātaka.
Parappasādaka Thera.– An Arahant. He is probably identical with Bhūta Thera. ThagA.i.494.
Parasamuddavāsī Therī.– Referred to in the Commentaries (e.g., MA.ii.726); the reference is probably to the monks of India, as opposed to those of Sri Lanka.
Pārāsara.– The name of a family. See Pārāsariya.
Pārāvata Jātaka (No.395)
Paresa Sutta. On three qualities essential for one who teaches others the Dhamma. A.i.151.
Paribbājaka Vagga.– The eighth chapter of the Majjhimanikāya, containing suttas 71‑80. M.i.481 ﬀ.
Paribhutta.– A city in the time of Sikhī Buddha, where the Bodhisatta was born as King Arindama. BuA.203.
Pāricchattaka Vagga.– The third chapter of the Vimānavatthu.
Parihāni Sutta.– Sāriputta tells the monks of four qualities that bring about falling away: abundance of lust, hatred, and delusion, and want of wisdom in profound matters. A.ii.143 f.
Parijāna Sutta v.l. Abhijāna Sutta.– By not thoroughly knowing or understanding the five aggregates one is unfit for the destruction of suffering. S.iii.26 f.
Parijānana Sutta.– Without comprehending and detaching himself from the all — eye, nose, etc. — a man is incapable of extinguishing suffering. S.iv.17.
Pārikā, Pārī.– A hunter’s daughter, wife of Dukūlaka and mother of Suvannāsama (the Bodhisatta). For details see the Suvaṇṇasāma Jātaka. Pārikā was a former birth of Bhaddā Kāpilānī. J.vi.95; Mil.123.
Parikkhāra Sutta.– The seven requisites for the attainment of concentration — the first seven stages of the Noble Eightfold Path. A.iv.40.
Parikuppa Sutta.– Five kinds of persons who lie festering (parikuppa) in hell: those who kill mother, father, or Arahant, maliciously draw blood from the Buddha, or create dissension in the Order. A.iii.146.
Parilāha Sutta.– Not to understand suffering and its cessation is far more fearsome than to be born in the Parilāha-
Parilāha.– A hell where all objects of the senses, even when really attractive, appear quite repulsive to those experiencing them. S.v.450.
Pārileyyaka Sutta.– See the Pālileyya Sutta.
Parimandala Vagga.– The first section of the monastic training rules (sekhiyā). Vin.iv.185‑7. See Pāṭimokkha.
Parimucchita Sutta.– One who does not regard the body, etc., as “I” and “mine” and as “self” will not have a hereafter. S.iii.165.
Parinda.– A Damiḷa usurper, son of King Pandu. He ruled in Anurādhapura for three years between 433 and 460, and was succeeded by his youngest brother, Khudda Parinda. Cv.xxxviii.29.
Paripucchita Sutta.– The Buddha asks the monks if they regard the five aggregates as their self. They reply that they do not, and he congratulates them saying that seeing things in this way leads to liberation. S.iii.165‑166.
Parisā Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Duka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.i.70.
Parisuddha Sutta.– Eight conditions — the factors of the Noble Eightfold Path — which are absolutely pure and which come into being only on the appearance of a Tathāgata. S.v.15.
Parisuddha Vagga. The thirteenth chapter of the Dasaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.v.237‑40.
Parisuddha.– A king of sixty-
Parittikkundirattha.– A district in South India. It was given over to Coḷagangara in return for his allegiance to Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvii.9.
Parittikundiyāra.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.137, 221.
Pārivāsika Khandha.– The second section of the Cūḷavagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.
Pariyādinna Suttā.– Two suttas on how attachments arise and on how they can be completely exhausted. S.iv.33 f.
Pariyesanā Sutta.– On four quests that are ignoble and four that are noble. A.ii.247.
Parosahassa Jātaka (No.99)
Parosahassa Sutta.– Relates how once, when the Buddha was at Jetavana with twelve hundred and fifty monks, instructing them and inciting them by means of a discourse on nibbāna, Vaṅgīsa, who was in the assembly, after obtaining the Buddha’s permission, extolled him in a number of verses. S.i.192.
Parosata Jātaka (No.101).– This story is analogous in all respects to the Parosahassa Jātaka (q.v.)
Parosata Vagga.– The eleventh chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātakaṭṭhakathā. J.i.410‑24.
Pāsa Sutta.– See Mārapāsa Sutta
Pāsa.– A locality in South India, captured by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.236.
Pasādabahula Sutta.– See Pasādabahula.
Pāsādakampana Vagga.– The second chapter of the Iddhipāda Saṃyutta (S.v.263 ﬀ). It derives its name from the Pasādakampana Sutta (q.v.)
Pasādapāsāda.– A monastic building erected in the Selantarasa-
Pāsānachātaka.– See Akkhakkhāyika.
Pāsānagāmavāpī.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.36.
Pāsānalekha Sutta.– Three kinds of persons: like carvings on rock, on the ground and on water. The first is easily angered and his anger lasts long; that of the second does not last long; the third is easily reconciled. A.i.283.
Pāsānapabbata.– A hill near Anurādhapura, to the north of the Nīcasusāna, laid out by Pandukābhaya. Mhv.x.35.
Pāsānasinna.– A locality in Sri Lanka where Dhātusena built the Dhātusenapabbata-
Pāsānatittha.– A ford across the Kadamba river. From this ford the boundary (sīma) of the Mahāvihāra started, returning to the same spot. In Pāsānatittha was the Kuddavātakapāsāna. Mbv. 134,135.
Pāsānavāpigāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, near Mahāgāma. Ras.i.103.
Pāsarāsi Sutta.– Another name for the Ariyapariyesanā Sutta (q.v.) See also MA.ii.740.
Pasayha Sutta.– Five powers — beauty (rūpa), wealth (bhoga), relatives (ñāti), sons (putta), and virtue (sīla) — the possession of which enables a woman to live at home, overpowering (pasayha) her husband. S.iv.246.
Passaddhi Sutta.– On tranquillity — a conversation between Ānanda and Udāyī. A.iv.455.
Passī.– A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107; MA.ii.890.
Pātāla Sutta.– Worldlings speak of a bottomless trench (pātāla) in the mighty ocean. However, the real bottomless trench is painful bodily feeling, which brings about weeping and wailing and lamentation. S.iv.206 f.
Pātaliya.– A headsman of Uttara who visited the Buddha and questioned him regarding his power of magic. Several conversations he had with the Buddha, on various topics, are given in the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iv.340 ﬀ.
Pātaligāmiya Vagga.– The eighth section of the Udāna. Ud., pp.80 ﬀ.
Pātalipupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pātaliputta.– A Paribbājaka; see Potaliputta, for which it is a wrong reading.
Patāpa.– A mythical king, descendant of Mahāsammata. His father was Mahāruci (or Suruci) and his son was Mahāpatāpa. Dpv.iii.7; Mhv.ii.44.
Patāpana.– A hell (J.v.266, 453), so called because its heat was excessive (ativiya tāpetī ti Patāpano). J.v.271.
Pātapata.– A locality in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.224, 234.
Paṭhama Bhikkhu Sutta.– The Buddha tells a group of monks about cultivating mindfulness of breathing, to develop the four foundations of mindfulness (satipaṭṭhāna), and the seven factors of enlightenment (bojjhaṅga). S.v.334 f.
Pathama Cetiya.– A cetiya built by Devānampiyatissa, on the spot where Mahinda alighted on his first visit to Anurādhapura and the king’s palace. Mhv.xiv.45; xx.20; Sp.i.79. One of the eight Bodhi saplings was planted there. Mhv.xix.61.
Paṭhamapācīnaninna Sutta.– See Pācīna Sutta
Pathamapubbārāmasutta.– See the Pubbārāma Sutta
Pathamasambodhi.– The name of a book. Gv. 65, 75.
Pathamasuddhiya Sutta.– The four absorptions (jhāna), which, when cultivated, flow to nibbāna, just as the Gaṅgā flows to the east. S.v.307.
Paṭhamasāriputtakoṭṭhika Sutta.– See the Sāriputtakoṭṭhika Sutta
Pathavicālaka Dhammagutta.– See Dhammagutta.
Pathavidundubhi.– A king of ninety-
Pathavindhara 1.– A Nāga king, a previous birth of Rāhula. AA.i.142, etc; but see s.v. Rāhula.
Pathavindhara 2.– Son of Kiki, king of Bārāṇasī. He built one of the gateways of the Dhātughara of Kassapa Buddha. SNA.i.194.
Pātheyya Sutta.– Spoken in answer to a deva’s questions. Faith provides provisions for the journey (in saṃsāra); desire drags men round and round. S.i.44.
Pātheyyakā.– See Pāveyyakā.
Pāthīna.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.Ix.58.
Pāti Sutta.– Dire are gains, favours, and flattery. They tempt even a man, otherwise incorruptible, to lie for the sake of a silver bowl filled with gold dust, or a golden bowl filled with silver dust. S.ii.233.
Patibhāna Sutta.– The four kinds of people in the world: he who replies to the point, not diffusely; he who replies diffusely; etc. A.ii.135.
Pātibhoga Sutta.– Four things against which there can be no surety: decay, disease, death and rebirth. A.ii.112; cp.iii.54; Kvu.457.
Paṭiccasamuppāda Sutta.– The Buddha describes how the knowledge of dependent origination arose in him for the first time. S.ii.11.
Paticchanna Sutta.– Three things which are practised in secret: the ways of women, the chants of brahmins, the views of perverse men; and three others which are there for all to see: the sun, the moon, and the Dhamma-
Patidesanīya Vagga.– One of the sub-
Pātihāriyakathā.– The sixth chapter of the Paññāvagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga.
Pātihīrasaññaka Thera.– An Arahant. In the past he had seen the miracles attending the entry of Padumuttara Buddha into his city and marvelled thereat. Ap.ii.392.
Pātikārāma.– A park near Vesāli, where the Buddha was staying, when Sunakkhatta, having failed to impress him as to the greatness of Korakkhattiya, left the Order and went about criticising the Buddha. J.i.389; cp. ibid., 77.
Patikkūla Sutta.– The idea of the repulsiveness of food, if cultivated and encouraged, conduces to great profit. S.v.132.
Patikolamba.– A cook. He refused to listen to Sattigumba who suggested killing the Pañcāla king (J.iv.431 f ). See the Sattigumba Jātaka.
Patilābha Sutta.– A description of the five faculties (indriya): faith, effort, mindfulness, concentration, and wisdom. S.v.199 f.
Patilīna Sutta.– A monk, who has shaken off various speculations, has given up searching for sense pleasures and going on other quests and has obtained calm by abandoning pleasure and pain, such a one is called withdrawn (paṭilīna). A.ii.41 f.
Pātimokkha Sutta.– A monk asks the Buddha for a brief teaching. The Buddha tells him that he should dwell restrained by the Pāṭimokkha, endowed with proper conduct and resort (ācāragocarasampanno), seeing danger in the slightest faults and undertaking the precepts. Then he should develop the four foundations of mindfulness. The monk does so and becomes an Arahant. S.v.187.
Pātimokkhalekhana.– A book for Vinaya students, by Ñānavara. Bode, op. cit., 67.
Pātimokkhathapana Khandaka.– The ninth chapter of the Cūḷavagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.
Pātimokkhavisodhanī.– A commentary by Saddhammajotipāla. Gv.p.64.
Paṭipanna Sutta.– There are five faculties: faith, effort, mindfulness, concentration, and wisdom. One who fulfils them perfectly is an Arahant. One in who they are weaker is a Non-
Patipatta Sutta.– Taught at Sāvatthi, on wrong practice and right practice. S.v.23.
Patipatti Vagga.– The fourth chapter of the Magga Saṃyutta. S.v.23 ﬀ.
Patipattisangaha.– A Pāḷi work by an unknown author. Gv. 62, 72.
Patirūpa Sutta.– The Buddha was once staying in Ekasālā in Kosala, and there taught a large congregation. Māra warned the Buddha not to teach, lest he should suffer both from the zeal of his supporters and the anger of his opponents. The Tathāgata is unmindful of both, answered the Buddha. S.i.111.
Patisallāna Sutta.– The Buddha exhorts the monks to apply themselves to solitude, because the solitary man knows things as they really are. S.iii.15; iv.80; v.414.
Patisambhidākathā.– The sixth section of the Yuganaddhavagga of the Patisambhidāmagga. Ps.ii.147‑158.
Patisankhāra.– Thirty world-
Patisārānīya Sutta.– Eight kinds of disqualifications in a monk, which entitle the Order to censure him. A.iv.346 f.
Patitthārattha.– Another name for Rājaraṭṭha (q.v.), a division of Sri Lanka.
Patitthita Sutta.– On how a monk may establish earnestness in the five controlling faculties. S.v.232.
Patiyāloka.– A place near Rājagaha. Vin.iv.79, 131.
Patiyārāma.– The name of the Thūpārāma in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. Sp.i.86; Dpv.xvii.11.
Patoda Sutta.– Four kinds of thoroughbred steeds in the world and the corresponding four kinds of thoroughbred men. The first kind of thoroughbred steed is stirred at the very sight of the shadow of the goad stick, similarly thoroughbred men are agitated at the news of another’s affliction. A.ii.114 f.
Patta Sutta.– At Sāvatthi. After the meal, when the monks had put out their almsbowls to dry in the sun, the Buddha was exhorting them. Māra, seeking to distract the monks, adopted the form of an ox. A monk was alarmed, but the Buddha told the monks that it was just Māra, and he left. S.i.111.
Pattadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pattakamma Sutta.– Taught to Anāthapiṇḍika. Four things are difficult to acquire in the world: wealth lawfully obtained, good report, long life, happy rebirth. Four things conduce to their attainment: perfection of faith, of virtue, of generosity and of wisdom. A.ii.65 ﬀ.
Pattakamma Vagga.– The seventh chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.ii.65‑76.
Pāttanallūra.– A fortress in South India, once occupied by Jagadvijaya. Cv.lxxvi.304,306; lxxvii.71.
Pattanikujjana Sutta.– Eight reasons for the Saṅgha to overturn the bowl (refuse offerings) from a lay person.
Pattapāsāna.– A district of Sri Lanka, given for the maintenance of the Jetthārāma, by Jetthā, chief queen of Aggabodhi IV. Cv.xlvi.28.
Pattapāsānavāpī.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, formed by Moggallāna II by the damming up of the Kadamba river (Cv.xli.61). It was restored by Vijayabāhu I (Ibid., lx.50) and again by Parakkamabāhu I. Ibid., lxxix.34.
Patta Vagga.– A chapter of the Nissaggiyā Pācittiya rules about bowls (Vin.iii.242); and another chapter for the Bhikkhuni rules (Vin.iv.242)
Patthāna Sutta.– Three good results for which the good life should be lived. Suttasaṅgaha No.29; Itv.67 f. Perhaps the correct name is Patthanā Sutta. The Udāna calls it the Sukka Sutta.
Patthānaganānaya.– An Abhidhamma treatise ascribed to Saddhammajotipāla. Gv.64,74.
Patthānappakarana.– The last “book” of the Abhidhamma Piṭaka. It might be described as the book of “causes,” and deals with the twenty-
Patthānasāradīpanī.– A work by a monk named Saddhammālankāra. Sās. 48; Bode, op.cit., 47.
Patthodanadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Patti.– A Damiḷa chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.144.
Pattipupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. He offered a patti flower to the body of Padumuttara Buddha as it was being taken in the procession for cremation. Ap.i.291.
Pātubhava Sutta.– Six things, the manifestation of which in this world is rare. A.iii.441.
Pavarā.– One of the five daughters of Vessavaṇa, appointed, with her sisters, to dance before Sakka. Vv.iii.4; VvA.131.
Pavāranakkhandha.– The fourth section of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.
Pāvārikārāma.– See Pāvārika (2).
Pavattā.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; MA.ii.890.
Pavattanī Sutta.– Religious talk is profitable when they who teach the Dhamma are separately and together able to penetrate the spirit and the letter of the Dhamma. A.i.151.
Pavesana Sutta.– Ten evil results of a monk visiting the king’s harem. A.v.81 ﬀ; cp. Vin.iv.159.
Pāveyyaka Sutta.– See Tiṃsamatta Sutta.
Pāveyyaka.– An elephant. See Baddheraka.
Pāyāgā.– A class of Nāgā (D.ii.258). The Commentary explains (DA.ii.688) that they lived in Pāyāgapatitthāna.
Pāyāsadāyaka Thera.– He is probably identical with Vacchapāla Thera (q.v.) ThagA.i.159 f.
Payogasiddhi.– A Pāḷi grammatical work, belonging to the Moggallāna school, by Vanaratana Medhankara. P.L.C.230 f.
Pecchadāyaka.– See Mañcadāyaka.
Pejalaka.– See Sejalaka.
Pekhuṇiya.– (v.l. Sekhuniya) Grandson of Rohaṇa (q.v.), who is, therefore, called Pekhuṇiyanattā (A.i.193). The Commentary (AA.i.419) calls Pekhuṇiya a millionaire.
Pelahāla.– A village in Sri Lanka, granted by Aggabodhi IV. for the maintenance of the meditation hall (padhānaghara) built by him for Dāthāsiva. Cv.xlvi.13.
Pelivāpikagāma.– A village seven leagues to the north of Anurādhapura. When Dutthagāmanī was looking for material for the building of the Mahā Thūpa, four gems were discovered by a hunter near the reservoir of this village. Mhv.xxviii.39; Mhv.Trs.190, n.1.
Penambangana.– See Setambangana.
Pennākata.– See Bhennākata.
Peraddonī.– A town in Sri Lanka, the modern Peradeniya. Cv.xci.2.
Perumpalaya.– A village in South India. Cv.lxxvi.287.
Pesala Sutta.– Once when Vaṅgīsa was at Aggāḷava-
Pesi Sutta.– Mahā-
Pesuñña Sutta.– Few abstain from slander, most do not. S.v.469.
Petakālankara.– A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) by Ñānābhivamsa on the Nettippakarana. Sās.134.
Pettanngavālika.– A monastery built by Saddhā Tissa. Mbv.xxxlii.8.
Petteyya Sutta. Few show respect to their fathers, most do not. S.v.467.
Pettidevanirayādi Sutta.– Few hungry ghosts who decease are reborn as devā, most are reborn in hell. S.v.476.
Pettidevapettivisaya Sutta.– Few hungry ghosts who decease are reborn as devā, most are reborn again as hungry ghosts. Why is that? Because they have not seen the Four Noble Truths. Therefore, monks, an effort should be made to understand, “This is suffering, this is the cause of suffering, this is the cessation of suffering, this is the way leading the the cessation of suffering.” (This is the last discourse in the Saṃyuttanikāya. All of these latter suttas use the simile of dust on a fingernail — as in the Nakkhasikhā Sutta — to emphasise the great rarity of human or celestial rebirth. ed.) S.v.476.
Pettimanussanirayādi Sutta.– Few hungry ghosts who decease are reborn as human beings. Most are reborn as hungry ghosts … as animals … in hell. S.476.
Phaggunī.– One of the two chief female disciples (aggasāvikā) of Nārada Buddha. Bu. x. 24; J.i.37.
Phala Jātaka.– See Kiṃphala Jātaka (No.54)
Phalaganda.– See Palaganda.
Phalika.– One of the peaks of the Himavā (J.v.415). Phalikaguhā was evidently in this peak. J.ii.6, 7, 8.
Phalikasandāna.– One of the elders dwelling in the Kukkuṭārāma in Pātaliputta in the time of the Buddha. Vin.i.300.
Phaludhiya.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.99.
Phandana Jātaka (No.475)
Pharusa Sutta 1.– Few are those who abstain from harsh speech. S.v.469.
Pharusavācā Sutta 2.– Endowed with four things one is reborn in hell.What four? One speaks harsh speech, one urges another to speak harsh speech, one condones it, or is pleased by it. A.ii.254.
Phārusa, Phārusaka.– One of the parks of Tāvatiṃsa. J.vi.278; Vibb.A.439; PSA.259, etc.
Phārusaka.– A garden in Sri Lanka, laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.10.
Phārusaphaladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Phassa Sutta.– See the Samphassa Sutta
Phassamūlaka Sutta.– Three things are rooted in, and conditioned by, contact: pleasant, painful, and neutral feelings. S.iv.215.
Phassanānatta Sutta.– Different contacts arise dependent on a diversity of elements. S.ii.140.
Phassāyatanika Sutta.– The Buddha explains how necessary is the right understanding of the arising and destruction, the satisfaction and misery, and the escape from the sixfold sphere of contact. S.iv.43 f.
Phāsuvihāra Vagga.– The eleventh section of the Pañcaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iii.127 ﬀ.
Pheggū.– A Therī of Jambudīpa who came to Sri Lanka, where she taught the Vinaya. Dpv.xviii.12.
Phudhamanakamanta.– Mentioned among the dhammika vijjā. VibhA. 410.
Phusati Sutta.– To him who touches not comes no touch. A wicked man’s actions recoil upon him. S.i.13.
Phussā.– One of the two chief women disciples of Tissa Buddha. J.i.40; Bu. xviii. 22.
Phussamittā.– A denizen of purgatory (vinipātikā) who had the power of travelling through the air. Vism. 382; PSA. 79.
Phussamitta.– A monk of the Kurundaka-
Pihita Sutta.– The world is shut in by death, established on suffering, trapped by craving, and surrounded by old age. S.i.40.
Pilakkhaguhā.– A cave near Kosambī. The Paribbājaka Sandaka is said to have stayed there. Nearby was the Devakatasobbha (M.i.513). The cave was so called because a wavy-
Pīlapitthi.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by king Kanittha-
Pilavasu.– A fortress erected by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.93, 97.
Pilavitthi.– A locality in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka, where there was a fortress (Cv.lxix.8; lxx.71). It is perhaps identical with Pillavitthi.
Pilayakūta.– Evidently another name for Sīlakūṭa. See Mbv. 126, 128, 129.
Pilayamāra.– A Damila usurper, the general (senāpati) of Panayamāra, whom he slew. He, in his turn, was slain by his own general Dāthika. Pilayamāra reigned for seven years (between 44‑29 B.C.). Mhv.xxxiii.58; Dpv.xix.15; xx.16.
Pilimvatthu.– A village near Badalatthalagāma. Cv.lxv.5.
Pilindavaccha v.l. Pinidivaccha, Pilindiyavaccha
Pilinda, Pilindī.– The personal name of Pilindavaccha.
Pilindagāma.– Another name for Ārāmikagāma (q.v.)
Piliyakkha.– A king of Bārāṇasī, a former birth of Ānanda. For his story see the Sāma Jātaka. J.vi.71 ﬀ; also Mil. 198; Mtu.ii.212, 216, 226.
Pillavitthi.– A village near the Kālavāpī, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxxii.163, 170). It is very probably identical with Pilavitthi. Cv.Trs.i.335, n. 4.
Pillicchakoli.– A locality in Sri Lanka. SA.ii.169.
Pilotikakamma.– A chapter in the Apadāna (Ap.i.299 f; repeated in UdA.263 f ) that mentions various incidents in the lives of the Bodhisatta, as a result of which the Buddha, in his last life, had to suffer physical ailments and calumny. See Pubbakammapilotika.
Pindapātika Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pindapātika Tissa.– An elder of the kingdom of Devaputta. He is mentioned in a list of Arahants, who, having become Arahants by the development of mindfulness of respiration (ānāpānasati), could limit the term of their lives. Vism.292.
Pindapātiya Tissa.– A monk resident in Ambariya-
Pindasakuniya Sutta.– The story of a fowler of Rājagaha, born as a hungry ghost (peta). S.ii.256.
Pindika Sutta.– The five kinds of persons who eat only out of one bowl. A.iii.220.
Pingalā.– A slave who, having made an assignation with her lover, as soon as her work was finished, waited outside her master’s house, expecting his arrival. At the end of the middle watch, she gave up waiting and slept peacefully. This is one of the incidents mentioned in the Sīlavīmaṃsa Jātaka. J.iii.101.
Pitakattayalakkhana.– A treatise ascribed by the Pārupanā to Buddhaghosa. P.L.C.189; Bode, op.cit., 75.
Pītha Jātaka (No.337)
Pītha Vagga.– The first chapter of the Vimānavatthu.
Pīti Sutta.– Sāriputta tells Ānanda how, by the fading away of zest (pīti), he had dwelt in the third jhāna. S.iii.236.
Pitirājā.– See Vaṭṭagāmaṇī.
Pitthigāma.– A monastery built in Kārapitthi by Moggallāna III. Cv.xliv.50.
Pitu Sutta.– In this beginningless saṃsāra it is not easy to find a being who has not been your father. S.ii.189.
Piyajāli.– A teacher of the Abhidhamma who handed it down in pupillary succession. DhSA., p.32.
Piyaketa.– One of the three palaces of Vidhurapandita. J.vi.289.
Piyālaphaladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Piyālapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Piyālī.– Fifteen world-
Piyanga parivena.– A building attached to the Mahāvihāra. v.l. Cingara parivena. VibhA.292.
Piyangalla.– A village of Sri Lanka, in the Kotthivāta district. The Mahāvaṃsa relates an incident of a monk of this village who wished to have a share in the building of the Mahā Thūpa, in spite of the orders of Dutthagāmanī. Mhv.xxx.29 ﬀ.
Piyapāla.– A teacher of the Abhidhamma. DhSA., p.32.
Pokkhara.– A musical instrument, or, perhaps, a divine musician. VvA.93; see also note on p.372.
Pokkharakkhī.– One of the wives of Candakumāra (the Bodhisatta). J.vi.148.
Pokkharanī Sutta.– The suffering that remains for a Noble Disciple who has won insight compared to the suffering that has been destroyed, is as the water taken up by the tip of a blade of grass compared to the water left behind in a reservoir fifty leagues in length, breadth, and depth. S.ii.134; S.v.460.
Pokkharaniyā.– A vihāra in Sāmagāma where the Buddha is said once to have stayed. A.iii.309; AA.ii.660. The translator (G.S.iii.220) calls it a lotus pond; the Commentary definitely calls it a vihāra.
Pokkharapāsaya.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, built by Upatissa II. Cv.xxxvii.185.
Pokkharavatī.– A city, the birthplace of Tapassu and Bhalluka (Bhalliya). Thag.A.i.48.
Polajanaka.– The younger son of Mahājanaka. For his story see the Mahājanaka Jātaka. J.vi.30 ﬀ.
Polamittā (v.l. Posamittā).– A yakkhinī, wife of Mahākālasena. She was from Laṅkānagara (Laṅkāpura) and her mother was Gondā. MT. 259 f.
Polonnarutala.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, restored by, Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.49.
Ponamaravatī.– A locality in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii. 20, 22, 92.
Porānavamsa.– A chronicle, probably of Sri Lanka, mentioned in the Gandhavaṃsa. (p.70).
Porisāda.– The man-
Porogāhali.– A district in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka. Cv.lxvi.108.
Posāla Sutta, or Posālamānava puccha.– See Posāla.
Potiriya.– See Soṇa Potirīyaputta.
Potthā.– Wife of Vasabha’s uncle, the general (senāpati) Subha. She saved the life of Vasabha and, later, when he became king, he made her his queen (Mhv.xxxv.70). She built a thūpa and a temple attached to the Catussāla in the Mahāvihāra (Ibid., vs. 90).
Potthadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pubba Kaccāyana.– A celebrated physician Mil.272.
Pubbadesa.– See Pācīnadesa.
Pubbajira (v.l. Pubbavicira).– A village of the Vajjī that was the constant dwelling place of Channa. The people there were blamed for his suicide (M.iii.260). The village seems to have also been called Pubbavijjana or Pubbavijjhana. S.iv.59.
Pubbangama Sutta.– Just as the dawn precedes sunrise, so does right view (sammādiṭṭhi) precede good actions. A.v.236 f.
Pubbangamaniya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pubbavicira.– See Pubbajira.
Pubbayogāvacara Sutta.– One of the suttas taught to Ānanda as an introduction to the Khaggavisāna Sutta. It dealt with the five advantages of pubbayogāvacara. SNA.i.47.
Pubbenivāsasutta.– Anuruddha tells his colleagues how he gained the knowledge of previous lives by developing and cultivating the four foundations of mindfulness. S.v.305.
Pucimanda Jātaka (No.311)
Pucimanda Vagga.– The second section of the Cātukka Nipāta of the Jātakaṭṭhakathā.
Puggalappasāda Sutta.– On the five disadvantages of devotion to a person. A.iii.270.
Pukkāma.– A city in Burma (Arimaddana). Cv.lxvii.74.
Pulavaka Sutta.– The idea of a worm-
Pulinacankamiya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Pulinapupphīya.– A Cakkavatti of ninety-
Pulindā.– The name given to the wild tribes of Sri Lanka, evidently to be identified with the present Veddas. Their ancestry is traced to Jīvahattha and Dipellā, the son and daughter of Vijaya by Kuvenī. Mhv.vii.58; MT.264, 266.
Pulinuppādaka Thera.– An Arahant. One hundred thousand world-
Punabbhava Sutta.– Before the Buddha had understood the origin, the cessation, the satisfaction, the danger and the escape from the five faculties (faith, effort, mindfulness, concentration, and wisdom) he did not claim to be Fully Enlightened. S.v.203.
Pūnagāma.– A ford on the Mahāvālukagangā. Cv.lxxii.6.
Pundarīkā.– A class of nymphs who provided music for Sakka, or, perhaps, the name of some musical instruments. See VvA.93, 96, 211; and 372 f.
Punna Sutta.– S.iv.60. Almost identical to the Punnovāda Sutta
Punnāgapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Punnakāla.– A yakkha who, in the time of Kakusandha Buddha, spread in Sri Lanka a pestilence called Pajjaraka. MT. 349.
Puññalakkhanā.– Wife of Anāthapiṇḍika. v.l. Punnalakkhanā. J.ii.410, 415; iii.435.
Punnanadī Jātaka (No.214)
Punnapāti Jātaka (No.53)
Puññavaddhana.– Son of Dhammadassī Buddha. Bu.xvi.14. See also Punnavaddhana.
Punnavallika.– A locality in Sri Lanka, the residence of Mahātissa. Vism.143; DhSA.116.
Punneli.– A village granted by Dāṭhopatissa II (s.v. Hatthadāṭha) to the Thūpārāma. Cv.xlv.28.
Punnikā 1.– A slave girl of Pokkharasāti. M.ii.201.
Punnikā 2.– See Punnā (3).
Punniya.– A monk. He is mentioned as visiting the Buddha and asking him under what conditions a discourse presents itself to the mind of a Tathāgata. A.iv.337 f;v.154 f.
Pupphabhānī Sutta.– The three kinds of people in the world: the speaker of excrement (gūthabhāṇī), the speaker of flowers (pupphabhāṇī), and the speaker of honey (madhubhāṇī). A.i.127.
Pupphacangotiya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Pupphachadaniya.– In the very distant past there were five kings of this name, all previous births of Maggadattika Thera. Ap.i.189.
Pupphachattiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pupphapura.– Another name for Pāṭaliputta (q.v.) e.g., Dpv.xi.28; Mhv.xxix.36.
Pupphārāma.– A central monastic establishment in Sirivaddhanapura (modern Kandy) in Sri Lanka. It formed the headquarters of the Siamese monks under Upāli, who came to Sri Lanka at the invitation of the king, Kittisirirājasīha. Cv.c.86, 141.
Puppharatta Jātaka (No.147)
Pupphāsaniya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Pupphavāsa.– A vihāra in the west of Sri Lanka. Near it was Devagāma. Ras.ii.13.
Pupphavatī.– An ancient name for Bārāṇasī, when Ekarāja, father of Candakumāra, was its king. J.iv.131; iv.119; Cyp.i.7.
Pupphita.– Seventeen world-
Pūralāsa Sutta.– Another name (SNA.ii.400) for the Sundarikā-
Purānāma.– One of the four villages granted by Parakkamabāhu IV for the maintenance of the special parivena, built for Medhankara. Cv.xc.87.
Puratthimadesa.– See Pācīnadesa.
Purindada.– A name for Sakka, because, as a human being, he bestowed gifts from town to town (pure pure dānaṃ adāsi). S.i.229; DhA.i.264; cp. Sanskrit purandara (destroyer of cities).
Purisagati Sutta.– On the seven conditions of a person (purisagatiyo), and an explanation of cessation without remainder (anūpādisesā parinibbāna). A.iv.70 ﬀ.
Purisarūpa Sutta.– Nothing so enslaves a woman as the sight of a man, the sound of a man, etc. A.i.2.
Purisindriyañāṇa Sutta.– Taught by the Buddha at Daṇḍakappaka. The Tathāgata possesses full knowledge of the hearts of men. A.iii.402.
Putabhatta Jātaka (No.223)
Putabhattasilā, Putabhattasela.– A mountain in Sri Lanka where Parakkamabāhu I built a monastery for the Araññavāsī fraternity (Cv. lxxxiv.24). This was the residence of several well-
Putadūsaka Jātaka (No.280)
Puthujjana.– A king of old, who, though he gave great gifts, could not attain to beyond the realms of sense. J.vi.99.
Puthuvindhara.– King of Bārāṇasī and son of Kiki. His son was Suyāma. ThagA.i.151.
Puthupaññā Sutta.– Association with good men (sappurisa-
Pūṭimaṃsa.– A jackal, the mate of Veṇī. For their story see the Pūṭimaṃsa Jātaka (No.437)
Pūtimamsa Jātaka (No.437)
Pūtimukha.– A hungry ghost (peta) who had been a monk in the time of Kassapa Buddha and who had brought a dissension between two holy monks by carrying tales from one to the other. Pv.i.3; PvA.12 ﬀ.
Puttatissa.– An astrologer (ganaka), one of the four envoys sent by Devānampiyatissa to the court of Asoka. Dpv.xi.29, 31; cp. MT. 302, where he is called Tissa.
Pūvagallagāma.– A village on the banks of the Mahāvāḷukagaṅgā. In it was the Pūvagalla-
Pūvapabbata.– See Pūvagalla.
Pūvapabbatavāsī Tissa.– A monk of Pūvagalla-