1. Mahinda Thera.– Son of Asoka and brother of Saṅghamittā. He was fourteen at the time of the coronation of his father and was ordained at the age of twenty, his preceptor being Moggaliputtatissa. The ordination was performed by Mahādeva, while Majjhantika recited the kammavācā. Mahinda became an Arahant on the day of his ordination.¹ He spent three years in study of the Doctrine under his preceptor, and, later, when the latter retired to Ahogaṅgā, he left his one thousand disciples for seven years under the care of Mahinda.² When the Third Council was held, Mahinda had been a monk for twelve years and was charged with the mission of converting Sri Lanka. However, he delayed for six months, until Devānampiyatissa became king. He then went to Dakkhiṇāgiri and from there to his birthplace, Vedisagiri, staying in Vedisagiri-
Mahinda pointed out to the king various spots destined to be connected with the growth of the Buddha’s religion (sāsana) in Sri Lanka, offering flowers at the same, and at the site of the (later) Mahā Thūpa, he described the visits of the Four Buddhas of this world-
The pāsāda first built for the residence of Mahinda was called Kāḷapāsāda pariveṇa. Other buildings associated with him were the Suṇhāta pariveṇa, the Dīghacaṅka pariveṇa, the Phalagga pariveṇa, the Therāpassaya pariveṇa, the Marugaṇa-
Mahinda stayed in Mahāmeghavana for twenty-
Mahinda is said to have taught the Commentaries to the Tipiṭaka in the Singhalese language, after translating them from the Pāḷi.³
Mahinda continued to live for the first eight years of the reign of Uttiya, who succeeded Devānampiyatissa. Then, at the age of sixty, he died on the eighth day of the bright half of Assayuja, in Cetiyagiri, where he was spending the rainy season. His body was brought in procession, with every splendor and honour, to the Mahāvihāra and placed in the Pañhambamālaka, where homage was paid to it for a whole week. It was then burnt on a pyre of fragrant wood on the east of the Therānambandhamālaka, to the left of the site of the Mahā Thūpa. A cetiya was erected on that spot over half the remains, the other half being distributed in thūpas built on Cetiyagiri and elsewhere. The place of cremation was called Isibhūmaṅgana, and for many centuries the remains of holy men who lived within a distance of three leagues were cremated there.⁵
Later, King Sirimeghavaṇṇa had a life size image of Mahinda made of gold; this he took to the Ambatthala-
Dhātusena had the image brought to the place where Mahinda’s body was cremated and there held a great festival,⁷ while Aggabodhi I set up the image on the banks of the reservoir called Mahindataṭa, and ensured that the special task of carrying the image to the dyke of the reservoir was the task of the Taracchas.⁸
⁵ For details of Mahinda see Mhv.xiii. xx; Dpv.vii.57 f., xii., xiii., iv.: xv; Sp.i.61, 69 ﬀ., 79 ﬀ., 83 ﬀ., 90 ﬀ., 103, etc.
2. Mahinda.– See Inda (= Indra, Sakka).
3. Mahinda.– King, father of Phussa Buddha (q.v.) (AA.i.165; SA.iii.4; DhA.i.84). Elsewhere he is called Jayasena.
5. Mahinda I.– Brother of Kassapa III and king of Sri Lanka (724‑27 A.C.). He refused to be crowned, out of sorrow for the death of his friend Nīla, and administered the government as Ādipāda. He thus came to be known as Ādipāda Mahinda. His brother’s son, Aggabodhi, was his viceroy, while his own son was made ruler of Dakkhiṇadesa.
He gave ten cartloads of food to the Mahāpāli and would eat nothing without first giving of it to beggars. He built a nunnery for the bhikkhuṇīs (called Mahinda-
6. Mahinda.– Son of Aggabodhi VII. He was made viceroy, but died young. Cv.xlviii.69, 75.
7. Mahinda.– Son of Silāmegha (Aggabodhi VI) (Cv.xlviii.42, 76). Aggabodhi made him a general (senāpati) and gave over the government to him. However, when Aggabodhi VI died and Aggabodhi VII came to the throne, Mahinda went to Mahātittha. Later, on the death of Aggabodhi VII, Mahinda quelled all disturbances and put the queen in chains because she conspired to kill him. His cousin Dappula rose against him, but was defeated after much fighting. Mahinda then married the queen of Aggabodhi VI and became king as Mahinda II, when a son was born to him. Dappula again rose in revolt, but Mahinda made a treaty with him and gave him part of Rohaṇa with the Gāḷhagaṅgā as boundary.
Among Mahinda’s benefactions was the erection of the Dāmavihāra-
8. Mahinda.– Son of the Ādipāda Dāṭhāsīva of Rohaṇa. He quarreled with his father, took service under Udaya I and married his daughter Devā. He was later sent to Rohaṇa, where he drove out his father. His two sons revolted against him, and, with Udaya’s help, led an army against him. Mahinda defeated them, but was killed in a fight with another kinsman. Cv.xlix.10 ﬀ. 66 ﬀ.
9. Mahinda.– Son of Udaya I. He was, however, known by the name of Dhammikasilāmegha and was a very pious man. He gave the income from the Geṭṭhumba Canal to be used in repairs of the Ratanapāsāda. He became king as Mahinda III and reigned for four years (797‑801 A.C.). Cv.xlix.38 ﬀ.
10. Mahinda.– Son of Mahinda III. When Aggabodhi IX came to the throne, contrary to the laws of succession, Mahinda fled to India (Cv.xlix.84 f). He was afterwards slain by Sena I. (Cv.l.4).
11. Mahinda.– Younger brother of Sena I and his viceroy. He quelled the rising of Udaya against the king, his brother. When the Paṇḍu king invaded Sri Lanka, Mahinda led an army against him, and, on the defeat of his forces, he cut his own throat. Cv.l. 6, 10, 21 ﬀ.
12. Mahinda.– Eldest son of Kittaggabodhi, ruler of Rohaṇa. He was killed by Kittaggabodhi’s sister. Cv.l.51.
13. Mahinda.– Son of the Ādipāda Kassapa and brother of Sena II. He married Tissā and Kitti. He became viceroy under Sena II and ruled in Dakkhiṇadesa. Later he was discovered guilty of an intrigue in the king’s harem, and fled, unrecognised, with his family, to Malaya. Afterwards, however, he regained his honours and continued as viceroy, his daughter Saṅghā being married to Kassapa, son of Sena II. Mahinda built a temple under the Bodhi tree, and, in the course of its construction, a workman discovered that one of the beams would harm a branch of the tree. Mahinda, on being informed of this, came and made a vow of truth (saccakiriyā), as a result of which the branch of the tree straightened itself during the night, leaving the building free. Mahinda also built the Mahindasena pariveṇa, and died in the twenty-
14. Mahinda.– Son of Kassapa V, and brother of Sena II and Saṅghā. When the Ādipāda Kittaggabodhi raised a rebellion in Rohaṇa against Udaya II, the latter sent Mahinda to quell it with the help of the general Vajiragga. The expedition was completely successful and Kittaggabodhi taken prisoner. Mahinda stayed in Mahāgāma and ruled over Rohaṇa justly and well. Among his works was the construction of a dam across the Mahānadī (Cv.li.99 ﬀ). When Kassapa IV became king, Mahinda revolted against him, but the king, through the influence of Mahinda’s father, persuaded him to desist. Later, Mahinda returned to Anurādhapura at the request of the monks, and, after having married the king’s daughter, went back to Rohaṇa, where, evidently, he died. Cv.lii.4 ﬀ.
15. Mahinda.– Viceroy of Sena IV and probably his brother. He afterwards became king as Mahinda IV. (956‑72 A.C.). He married a Kāliṅga princess. During his reign, the Vallabha king invaded Sri Lanka, but was defeated by the general Sena and entered into a treaty with Mahinda. Mahinda showed great favour to the Paṃsukulikas and the Lābhavāsins and decreed that the incomes derived from vihāras should not be taxed. His good acts were many. He had a Commentary to the Abhidhamma written by the Thera Dhammamitta in the Sitthagāma-
He made great offerings at the Mahā Thūpa and started to build the Candanapāsāda, where he had preserved the Hair Relic of the Buddha. He restored the temple of the four cetiyas in Padalañchana as well as the Temple of the Tooth, the Dhammasaṅganigeha and the Mahāpāli. He built the Mahāmallaka for the Theravāda nuns and completed the Maṇipāsāda. Mahinda’s wife was Kittī (q.v), who, herself, engaged in various works. Their son was Sena (Sena V). Cv.liv.1 ﬀ; Cv. Trs.i.178, n. 2; 179, n. 2; 183, n. 2.
16. Mahinda.– Younger brother of Sena V. He succeeded Sena as Mahinda V and ruled for ten years at Anurādhapura under great difficulties. He was weak and powerless, and the Kerala soldiers in his employ mutinied for better salaries. Mahinda escaped to Rohaṇa by means of an underground passage, and lived at Sīdupabbatagāma with his brother’s wife as queen, later marrying his brother’s daughter. Their son was Kassapa, and afterwards they lived in Kappagallaka. In the thirty-
17. Mahinda.– Son of Moggallāna and Lokitā and brother of Kitti (afterwards Vijayabāhu I). Cv.lvii.42.
18. Mahinda.– Son of Vikkamabāhu II and brother of Gajabahu. He fought against Deva, general of Parakkamabāhu I, at Hedillakhaṇḍagāma, but was defeated, and fled to Billagāma. From there he went to Vallitittha, and was again defeated. Later he joined Mānābharaṇa, and was sent by him to Moravāpi, thence to Anurādhapura, where he defeated Mahālekha Rakkha and Bhaṇḍārapotthakī, who marched against him. From Anurādhapura, Mahinda proceeded to Kālavāpi where, for three months, he fought against Bhaṇḍārapotthakī Bhūta, and was finally defeated by him. This is the last we hear of him. Cv.lxii.59; lxxii.46, 82, 123 ﬀ., 176 ﬀ., 191 f., 198 ﬀ.
20. Mahinda.– A Lambakaṇṇā in the Moriya district, an officer of Parakkamabāhu I. He was a Nagaragiri, and was sent by Parakkamabāhu to Mallavāḷāna, where he conducted a victorious campaign against Uttararaṭṭha. Later he took Anurādhapura, and was one of those responsible for the capture of Gajabāhu at Pulatthipura. Cv.lxix. 13; lxx. 89, 146 ﬀ; 158, 199 ﬀ.
22. Mahinda.– A minister and kinsman of Parakkamabāhu I. He lived in the palace and erected at Pulatthipura a pāsāda for the Tooth Relic. Cv.lxxiii.124 ﬀ.
23. Mahinda.– A man of the Kuliṅga clan, whose wife was a cowherd’s daughter called Dīpanī. He killed Vijayabāhu II and reigned for five days, but was slain by Kittinissaṅka. Cv.lxxx.15 ﬀ.
24. Mahinda.– Son of Sumanadevī and Bodhigutta. He came among the escort of the Bodhi tree. Devānampiyatissa conferred on him the rank of Cullajayamahālekhaka. Mbv.169.