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Pāli Proper Names — B

Babbarā.– Name of a clan. Ap.ii.359.

Babbu Jātaka (No.137)

Badaguna.– A locality in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.124.

Badalatthala, Badalatthalī

Badaratittha.– See Padaratittha.

Badaravallī.– The scene of a battle between the forces of Mānābharana and those of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxii.96.

Badarībhātikamāna.– A locality in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.148.

Badarikārāma

Baddhaguna-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. The cetiya there, destroyed by the Coḷā, was restored by Vīrabāhu, viceroy of Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.80).

Baddhasīmāpāsāda.– A twelve storeyed uposatha-house built in Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.56, 67.

Baddheraka.– An elephant of the king of Kosala. He was once very strong, but as he grew old he became weak and, one day, stuck fast in the mire. The elephant trainer, by the king’s orders, went to the elephant arrayed as for battle and caused the battle drum to be beaten. The elephant’s pride was roused and he rose from the mire. v.l. Pāveyyaka. (DhA.iv.25 f).

Baddula Sutta.– See Gaddulabaddha Sutta.

Bahalagangā.– The name given to a portion of the river flowing from the south of Himavā. The section is that which flows between the Tiyaggala-pokkharanī and the Ummagga-gangā. It flows through a rock for a distance of sixty leagues. SNA.ii.439; AA.ii.760; UdA.302; MA.i.586.

Bahalamassu Tissa Thera.– He was a pupil of Mahātissa, and when the latter was expelled by the Mahā-vihāra monks for misdemeanour, Bahalamassu Tissa left the Mahā-vihāra in anger and, dwelling in Abhayagiri, formed there a separate faction. Mhv.xxxiii.96.

Bāhika.– See Bāhiya (3)

Bāhiraphassanānatta Sutta.– Because of diversity in elements arises diversity of perceptions, etc. S.ii.146.

Bāhira Sutta.– One who has gone forth should dwell contemplating not-self to gain freedom from suffering. S.iii.180.

Bāhirānatta Sutta.–  A series of discourses on understanding not-self in external sense objects. S.iv.3 ff.

Bāhirānattachandādi Sutta.– On abandoning desire for external sights, sounds, odours, flavours, touches, and ideas, which are not-self. S.iv.150.

Bāhirānattātītānāgata Sutta.– Sights of the past and future are not-self, what to say of those in the present? Sounds … odours … flavours …. touches … ideas are unsatisfactory, what to say of those in the present?

Bāhirānattahetu Sutta.– A series of discourses on understanding not-self in the six senses. S.iv.129 ff.

Bāhirānicca Sutta.–  A series of discourses on understanding impermanence in external sense objects. S.iv.3 ff.

Bāhirāniccachandādi Sutta.– On abandoning desire for external sights, sounds, odours, flavours, touches, and ideas, which are impermanent. S.iv.150.

Bāhirāniccātītānāgata Sutta.– Sights of the past and future are impermanent, what to say of those in the present? Sounds … odours … flavours …. touches … ideas are unsatisfactory, what to say of those in the present?

Bāhirāniccahetu Sutta.– A series of discourses on understanding impermanence in the six senses. S.iv.129 ff.

Bāhiradukkha Sutta.–  A series of discourses on understanding unsatisfactoriness in external sense objects. S.iv.3 ff.

Bāhiradukkhachandādi Sutta.– On abandoning desire for external sights, sounds, odours, flavours, touches, and ideas, which are unsatisfactory. S.iv.150.

Bāhiradukkhātītānāgata Sutta.– Sights of the past and future are unsatisfactory, what to say of those in the present? Sounds … odours … flavours …. touches … ideas are unsatisfactory, what to say of those in the present? S.iv.6.

Bāhiradukkhahetu Sutta.– A series of discourses on understanding unsatisfactoriness in the six senses. S.iv.129 ff.

Bāhiraphassanānatta Sutta

Bāhirātītādiyadanicca Sutta.– External sense objects of the past, future, and present are impermanent. They should be regarded as they really are, “This is not mine, I am not this, this is not my self.” Seeing thus, a monk is disenchanted with external sense objects and being dispassionate, he is freed. S.iv.154.

Bāhirātītādiyadanatta Sutta.– External sense objects of the past, future, and present are not-self. They should be regarded as they really are, “This is not mine, I am not this, this is not my self.” Seeing thus, a monk is disenchanted with external sense objects and being dispassionate, he is freed. S.iv.155.

Bāhirātītādiyaṃdukkhaṃ Sutta.– External sense objects of the past, future, and present are unsatisfactory. They should be regarded as they really are, “This is not mine, I am not this, this is not my self.” Seeing thus, a monk is disenchanted with external sense objects and being dispassionate, he is freed. S.iv.154.

Bāhirāyatanaanatta Sutta.– External sense objects are not-self. S.iv.156

Bāhirāyatanaanicca Sutta.– External sense objects are impermanent. S.iv.156

Bāhirāyatanadukkha Sutta.– External sense objects are unsatisfactory. S.iv.156

Bāhirāyatanaparijānana Sutta.– Without fully understanding the externals sense objects one cannot put an end to suffering. S.iv.89

Bāhitika Sutta.– Taught to King Pasenadi by Ānanda.

Bāhiya

Bāhiya Jātaka (No.108)

Bāhiya Sutta 1.– Relates the incident of Bāhiya (3) asking the Buddha for a lesson. S.iv.63.

Bāhiya Sutta 2.– The same as the above, but the lesson given is on the four foundations of mindfulness. S.v.165.

Bahubhāni Jātaka.– Evidently another name (given in DhA.iv.92) for the Kacchapa Jātaka (No.215)

Bahubhānī Sutta.– The five disadvantages of excessive talking: liability to falsehood, malice, harshness, babbling and suffering after death. A.iii.254.

Bahucintī.– A fish. See the Mitacintī Jātaka. J.i.427 f.

Bahudhanasetthi.– The name conferred by the king of Rājagaha on Punna, when the latter was raised to the rank of setthi (DhA.iii.307). See Puṇṇa (No.2).

Bahudhātuka Sutta

Bahudhītara Sutta

Bahukā v.l. Bāhukā.– A river to which sacrifices were offered (M.i.39; J.v.388 f).

Bahukāra Sutta.– Three persons who are very helpful to another — he who leads to the Three Refuges, he through whom one understands suffering, etc., and he who leads one to the destruction of the corruptions. A.i.123.

Bahula Sutta.– Four conditions that conduce to the growth of insight. S.v.412.

Bahulikā, Bāhulikā

Bahumangala-cetiya

Bāhumatī.– A holy river where men bathe in order to expiate their sins. M.i.39; MA.i.145.

Bāhuna.– A monk who is said to have asked the Buddha, while on the banks of the Gaggarā Lake in Campā, about the conditions from which the Tathāgata is released and emancipated. The Buddha enumerated ten such. A.v.151 f.

Bahunandi.– See Bāhuraggi below.

Bāhuna Sutta.– The questions asked by Bāhuna (q.v.) and the Buddha’s answers thereto. A.v.151 f.

Bahūpakāra Sutta.– Five things that make a monk of great service to his residence. A.iii.263.

Bahuputta, Bahuputtaka-cetiya

Bāhuputta, Bahuputtaka.– King of Bārāṇasī and husband of Khemā. He is identified with Sāriputta. For details see the Cūḷahamsa Jātakā (502). J.iv.423 ff; cp. Seyya.

Bahuputtaka-nigrodha.– See Bahuputtaka-cetiya

Bahuputtikā.– See Sonā Therī.

Bāhuraggi v.l. Bahunandi.– One of seven beings born in the Avihā world, there to pass away entirely.S.i.35, 60; ThigA. 222.

Bahusodarī.– A goddess (devadhītā) living in Gandhamādana (J.vi.83). See the Suvaṇṇasāma Jātaka.

Bahussuta Sutta.– Five qualities that make a man learned and wise. S.iv.244.

Bahussutakā.– See Bahulikā, Bāhulikā

Bahutarā Sattā Vagga.– The tenth chapter of the Sacca Saṃyutta. S.v.473.

Bahuvedanīya Sutta

Baka

Baka Jātaka (No.38, 236, 405)

Bakabrahma Sutta

Bakagalluddhavāpī.– A locality in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.124.

Bakkula, Bākula, Vakkula Thera

Bakkula Sutta

Bala Sutta

Bāla Vagga

Bālacittapabodhanī.– The name of a Subcommentary (ṭīkā). Gv.65, 67.

Baladatta.– A king, last of the dynasty of Brahmadeva, who reigned in Ekacakkhu. Dpv.iii.25; MT. 128.

Baladeva

Baladevavattikā.- Followers of a certain cult who hoped for purification by their practices. MNid.89.

Bālādicca.– A monastery in South India, the residence of Coliya Dīpankara (Buddhappiya), author of the Rūpasiddhi. P.L.C.220.

Balādi Sutta.– The five powers (faith, effort, mindfulness, concentration and wisdom) should be cultivated. Similar to the Himavanta Sutta and the rest of the Bojjhaṅga Saṃyutta. S.v.135.

Bālaka, Bākalonakārāgama.– See Bālakalonakārāma.

Bālakalonakārāma

Balakaranīya Vagga.– Several sections of the Mahā Vagga of the Saṃyuttanikāya bear this name, i.e., S.v.45, 135, 138, 191, 240, 242, 246, 291, 308.

Balakathā.– The ninth chapter of the Yuganandha Vagga of the Patisambhidāmagga.

Balakkāra.– A Kālinga prince, kinsman of Tiloka-Sundarī. He came to Sri Lanka and was given honour and gifts by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lix.46.

Bālanakkhatta

Balāni Sutta.– The four powers of faith, energy, mindfulness, concentration. A.ii.141 f.

Bālovāda Jātaka (No.246)

Bālapandita Sutta

Balapāsāna.– A locality in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.178; lxxv.3, 5.

Bālāppabodhana.– A Pāḷi work, probably a Commentary (Gv.63, 73). There exists a Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on it. Ibid., 65, 76.

Bala-Saṃyutta.– The sixth section of the Mahā Vagga of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.v.249‑53.

Balasena.– A king of fifty-seven world-cycles ago; a previous birth of Upatthāyaka Thera. Ap.i.241.

Balatam Sutta.– See Bala Sutta.

Bālava.– A maintenance village, given by Aggabodhi IV to the meditation hall (padhānaghara) of Dāthāsiva. Cv.xlvi.13.

Bālāvatāra.– A Pāḷi grammar in seven chapters, by Dhammakitti (or Vācissara), written in the fourteenth century. It is based on the Kaccāyana and forms an extremely good summary of Pāḷi grammar. There are to be found several Singhalese paraphrases of the work and two Subcommentaries in Pāḷi. For details see P.L.C.243 ff.

Bāḷhagilāna Sutta.– (However, see KS.v.268, n.2). A number of monks visit Anuruddha, who lies grievously ill in the Andhavana, and ask him how it is that painful feelings make no impression on his mind. He answers that it is because he is well grounded in the four foundations of mindfulness (satipaṭṭhāna). S.v.302.

Balibhojakā.– Probably the totemistic name of a Singhalese clan; they are mentioned in connection with the celebrations in honour of the Tooth Relic in the reign of Parakkamabāhu II. Cv.lxxxv.51; see also Cv.Trs.i.29, n.2.

Baliharana.– A forest tract (vanasanda) near Kusinārā where the Buddha is said to have stayed (A.i.274;v.79). It was so called because the people there made offerings to various spirits (AA.i.457; MA.ii.826). The Kinti Sutta was taught there (M.ii.238).

Balisa Sutta.– Dire are gains, favours and flattery, like to a flesh baited hook, Māra being the fisherman. S.ii.226.

Bāḷisikopama Sutta.– Like baited hooks cast by a fisherman are the objects cognisable by the external sense spheres. He who avoids them has escaped from the clutches of Māra. S.iv.158.

Balivadda Sutta.– On four kinds of oxen: those that are fierce to the cows of their own herd, to cows of other herds, those that are fierce to neither their own nor others; and the four corresponding kinds of men. A.ii.108.

Baluggata v.l. Khaluggata.– Fifteen world-cycles ago there were twelve kings of this name, previous births of Ugga Thera (ThagA.i.175; Ap.i.165).

Bandhana Sutta

Bandhanāgāra Jātaka (No.201)

Bandhanamokkha Jātaka (No.120)

Bandhati Sutta.– See Bandhana Sutta

Bandhujīvaka Thera

Bandhula

Bandhumā 1.– King of Bandhumatī and father of Vipassī Buddha. His wife was Bandhumatī (J.1.41, etc.) He had two daughters who, in their later lives, were Mahāmāyā and Uracchadā (J.vi.480 f). See also Ekasātaka and Mettā Therī.

Bandhumā 2.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Bandhumatī

Bandhura

Bandhura Thera

Barabbala.– A locality in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.51.

Bārānasī (Benares)

Bārānasīsetthi.– See Mahādhana.

Bāvarī

Bāveru Jātaka (No.339)

Bāveru.– A kingdom outside India, beyond the sea. Trade was carried on between Bāveru and India. See the Bāveru Jātaka. Bāveru is identified with Babylon, e.g., Buddhist India, p.104.

Belattha.– Father of Sañcaya Belaṭṭhiputta (q.v.) SNA.ii.423.

Belattha Kaccāna

Belatthānika (Belatthakāni) Thera

Belatthaputta.– See Sañcaya Belaṭṭhiputta.

Belatthasīsa Thera

Beluva

Beluvapanduvīnā

Bhadda

Bhaddā

Bhaddaji Sutta

Bhaddaji Thera

Bhaddaka Sutta.– Sāriputta tells his colleagues that he who delights and engages himself in worldly activities meets with a luckless fate, while he who renounces such meets with a lucky fate. A.iii.293.

Bhaddakaccā, Bhaddākaccā, Bhaddakaccānā, Subhaddakaccānā. See Rāhulamātā.

Bhaddakaccānā

Bhaddakappa.– A world-cycle such as the present in which five Buddhas are born. BuA.159.

Bhaddā-Kapilānī Therī

Bhaddā-Kundalakesā

Bhaddāli Sutta

Bhaddāli Thera

Bhaddanahānakottha.– A bathing place in Pulatthipura, built by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.45.

Bhaddasāla

Bhaddasāla Jātaka (No.465)

Bhaddasāri (v.l. Kaddamadaha).– A lake, on the bank of which was Varaṇā, where Mahā-Kaccāna once stayed, and where he was visited by the brahmin Ārāmadanda. A.i.65.

Bhaddasena.– Son of Ekarāja and brother of Candakumāra (J.vi.134). He is identified with Mahā-Moggallāna. J.vi.157.

Bhaddasena.– One of the ten sons of Kālāsoka.

Bhaddasenāpati-pariveṇa.– A monastic building erected and endowed by Bhadda, general of Sena I. Cv.l.82.

Bhaddā-Suriyavaccasā.– Daughter of the Gandhabba Timbarū and beloved of Pañcasikha.

Bhaddavāggiyā

Bhaddavatī, Bhaddavatikā

Bhaddavatikā.– A market town near Kosambī.

Bhaddavatiya.– Father of Simāvati.

Bhaddayānikā.– An offshoot of the Vajjiputtaka heretics.

Bhaddekaratta Sutta

Bhaddika.– See Bhaddiya (3).

Bhadditthivimāna vatthu.– The story of Bhaddā, wife of Rohaka. See Bhaddiya (4).

Bhaddiya

Bhaddiya Sutta

Bhadrā Therī.– She belonged to a clan of the Sākyā, and left the world with Mahāpajāpati Gotamī. While she was meditating, the Buddha sent her a ray of glory and she attained Arahantship. Thig.vs.9; ThigA.13.

Bhadraka Sutta

Bhadraka.– A headman of Uruvelakappa and father of Ciravāsi (S.iv. 327). See Bhadraka Sutta.

Bhadraghata Jātaka.– See Surāghaṭa Jātaka (No.291)

Bhadrakāra.– Son of Vidhura and eldest brother of Sambhava (the Bodhisatta). For details see the Sambhava Jātaka. Bhadrakāra is identified with Mahā-Moggallāna. J.v.67.

Bhadravanasanda.– The name given to the grove near the Bodhi tree where the Buddha took his noonday rest after the meal of milk-rice provided by Sujātā. SNA.ii.391.

Bhadrāvudha.– One of the sixteen disciples of Bāvarī

Bhagalavatī.– A place in Uttarakuru where the yakkhas assemble.

Bhagandha Hatthaka Sutta.– See Bhadraka Sutta.

Bhagga Jataka v.l. Gagga Jātaka (No.155)

Bhaggā.– The name of a clan and a country.

Bhaggava

Bhaggavagotta.– A clothed Wanderer (channaparibbājaka).

Bhaggavī.– See Bhaggava (3).

Bhāgineyya

Bhagini Sutta 1.– It would not be easy to find a person who has not been one’s sister during saṃsāra. S.ii.189.

Bhagini Sutta 2.– There are men who would not lie, even for a sister’s sake. S.ii.243. Grouped with those who would not lie for the sake of their father, brother, son, etc. See also: Māta Sutta.

Bhagīrasa.– A king of old, mentioned as having held great sacrifices; he could not, however, advance beyond the world of hungry ghosts (peta). J.vi.99.

Bhāgīrathī v.l. Bhagīrathī, Bhagīrasī

Bhagu.– A famous sage (isi) of old (Vin.i.245; D.i.104, 238, 243; M.ii. 169, 200; A.iii.224; A.iv.61). He was one of the teachers who composed runes combined with the teachings of Kassapa Buddha. DA.i.273, etc.

Bhagu Thera

Bhājanadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he was a potter of Bandhumatī and supplied pots to the monks. Fifty-three world-cycles ago he was a king named Anantajāli. Ap.i.218.

Bhallātakadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Eighteen world-cycles ago he was an ascetic and, seeing Atthadassī Buddha going through the air, invited him to his hermitage. There he gave the Buddha a bhallātaka-fruit (Ap.ii.398). He is probably, identical with Vijitasena. Thag.A.i.426.

Bhallātaka-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Dhātusena (Cv.xxxviii.47) and restored by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.61).

Bhallatittha.– A landing place in Sri Lanka where Abhayanāga once lived. Mhv.xxxvi.43.

Bhallātiya.– King of Bārāṇasī. See the Bhallātiya Jātaka.

Bhallātiya Jātaka (No.504)

Bhallika, Bhalliya, Bhalluka Thera

Bhalluka.– Nephew of Dīghajantu.

Bhanda, Bhandu Thera

Bhandagāma.– A Vajjian village between Vesāli and Hatthigāma.

Bhandagāma Vagga.– The first chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.ii.1‑12.

Bhandāgāra-amacca.– Given as an example of a handsome person. AA.ii.596.

Bhandakucchi.– One of the gate-keepers (dovārikā) of Mandavya, who were ordered to cast Mātanga out. J.iv.382.

Bhandana Sutta

Bhandārapotthakī.– See Kitti (7).

Bhandika.– An eminent Thera, well-versed in the four Nikāyas (catunikāyika). He was evidently an esteemed Commentator. See, e.g., SA.i.17.

Bhandikā-pariveṇa.– A building attached to the Abhayāgiri-vihāra and built by Kassapa V. (Cv.lii.68) It evidently received its name in honour of the king’s mother. Cv. Trs.i.167, n. 6.

Bhandu, Bhanduka

Bhandukanna

Bhañña

Bhāra Sutta (Vagga)

Bhāradvāja

Bhāradvāja Sutta

Bharana.– One of the chief warriors of Dutthagāmani. He was the son of Kumāra of Kappalakandara and was very fleet of foot. At the age of ten or twelve he could chase hare and elk, seize them and dash them on the ground. Mhv.xxiii.64 ff. See also Ras.ii.96.

Bharandu Sutta.– Records the visit of the Buddha to the hermitage of Bharandukālāma. A.i.276 ff.

Bharandukālāma.– A recluse, once a co-disciple of the Buddha.

Bharata

Bhārata

Bharatakumāra.– Son of the second queen of Dasaratha and stepbrother of Rāma and Lakkhana. For his story see the Dasaratha Jātaka. He is identified with Ānanda. J.iv.124 ff.

Bhāratayuddha.– Evidently refers to the story of the Mahābhārata. It is reckoned among the sinful topics of conversation. e.g., VibhA.490.

Bharattāla.– A village in Sri Lanka, given by Aggabodhi IV. for his maintenance of the Dāthāsiva-padhānaghara. Cv.xlvi.12.

Bharu

Bharu Jātaka (No.213)

Bhārukaccha

Bharukacchaka Vatthu.– The story of a monk of Bhārukaccha who having (in his dream) lain with a woman, thought he was guilty of an offence of defeat (pārājikā). However, Upāli ruled that he was blameless. Vin.iii.39; Sp.i.283.

Bhātaragāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, residence of Nāgā Therī. AA.ii.654; MA.i.546.

Bhātā Sutta.– It is not easy to find one who has not been a brother in the long faring of saṃsāra. S.ii.189.

Bhāti, Bhātiya.– King of Magadha, father of Bimbisāra. Dpv.iii.52 f; MT.137.

Bhātikābhaya.– Also called Bhātika or Bhātiya

Bhātikatissa

Bhātikatissa-vihāra.– A vihāra built by Bhātikatissa.

Bhātiyavanka-vihāra

Bhatta Sutta.– The five disadvantages that come to a family who wait to eat until the sun has fully risen. A.iii.260.

Bhattā.– See Hatthā.

Bhattabhatika

Bhattabhuttavalāhaka.– The name given to the spot where Dutthagāmani took his meal after crossing the Mahāvālukagangā, in his advance against the Damiḷā. MT. 476.

Bhattasūpagāma

Bhātu Sutta.– It is not easy, monks, to find someone who has not been your brother in this saṃsāra without conceivable beginning. S.ii.189.

Bhava Sutta

Bhavagga

Bhāvāna Sutta

Bhavanetti Sutta.– The Buddha tells Rādha that lust for the body, for feelings, etc. leads to rebirth. S.iii.190.

Bhavanimmita v.l. Santanāmika.– Fifty-seven world-cycles ago there were four kings of this name, previous births of Phalakadāyaka Thera (Ap.i.174).

Bhāvasetthi.– A previous birth of Bījaka (2). J.vi.228.

Bhāvita Sutta.– The four foundations of mindfulness (satipaṭṭhāna), if cultivated, conduce to the state in which no further and no hither shore exist. S.v.180.

Bhāvitatta

Bhaya Sutta

Bhaya Vagga.– The thirteenth chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.ii.121‑33.

Bhayabherava Sutta

Bhayasīva 1.– A member of the Moriya clan in Sri Lanka, contemporary of Silākāla. His son was Aggabodhi and his nephew King Mahānāga. Cv.xli.69 f.

Bhayasīva 2.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.69; ApA.i.106.

Bhayoluppala.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, made by Kutakannatissa (Mhv.xxxiv.33). The name was later corrupted into Bahuppala. MT. 628.

Bhennākata.– A locality where Rujā lived as a castrated goat. J.vi.237.

Bherapāsāna-vihāra

Bheravāya.– A rock cave, near Himavā, where Sambula Kaccāna Thera dwelt in meditation. ThagA.i.314.

Bherī.– A female ascetic.

Bherivāda Jātaka (No.59)

Bheruva.– A city, the residence of Asayhasetthi. PvA.112,118,119.

Bhesajja-anuññāta-bhānavāra.– The thirteenth chapter of the sixth Khandaka of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.

Bhesajjamañjūsā.– A Pāḷi medical work written in the time of Parakkamabāhu III by a monk of Sri Lanka. The author is referred to as Pañcaparivenādhipati. Saraṇaṅkara wrote a Sinhalese Commentary on it. Cv.xcvii.59; Svd.1265.

Bhesakalā.– A yakkhinī. See Bhesakalāvana.

Bhesakalāvana.– A grove in the Bhagga country....

Bhesikā.– See Rosika.

Bhidura Sutta.– A sutta quoted in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.83) from the Itivuttaka (p.69 f). The body breaks up, consciousness is contemptible; all things change.

Bhikkhādāyaka

Bhikkhadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he gave a spoonful of food to Siddhattha Buddha. Eighty-seven world-cycles ago he was king seven times under the name of Mahārenu (Ap.i.140). He is probably identical with Godhika Thera. ThagA.i.124.

Bhikkhadāyī.– See Bhikkhudāsikā

Bhikkhādāyikā

Bhikkhaka Sutta

Bhikkhāparampara Jātaka (No.496)

Bhikkhu Sutta

Bhikkhudāsikā, Bhikkhadāyikā

Bhikkhunā Sutta.– In the Buddha’s method of explaining Dhamma, there feelings are divided into various categories of 2, 3, 5, 6, 18, 30, 108, etc. S.iv.229.

Bhikkhunī

Bhikkhunī-khandhaka.– The tenth section of the Cūḷa Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.

Bhikkhunī Saṃyutta.– The fifth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.i.128‑35.

Bhikkhunī Sutta

Bhikkhunī-Vibhanga.– The second section of the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Piṭaka, also called Cūla Vibhanga.

Bhikkhunupassaya Sutta

Bhikkhupātimokkha.– See Anumāna Sutta.

Bhikkhu-Saṃyutta.– The twenty first section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.ii.273‑86.

Bhikkhu Vagga 1.– The seventh section of the Majjhimanikāya, containing suttas 61‑70.

Bhikkhu Vagga 2.– The twenty-fifth section of the Dhammapada.

Bhikkhu Vibhanga.– The first division of the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. It is also called the Mahā Vibhanga.

Bhillivāna-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka built by Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.50.

Bhīma.– A sage of old.

Bhima.– The name of a celestial musician or a musical instrument. VvA.93, 96, 211, 372.

Bhīmarāja.– A Kālinga prince of Sīhapura, brother of Tilokasundarī. He came to Sri Lanka and Vijayabāhu I gave him suitable maintenance. Cv.lix.46.

Bhīmaratha

Bhīmasena 1.– A weaver; see the Bhīmasena Jātaka.

Bhīmasena 2.– One of the five Pāndavas, sons of King Pandu; he was the husband of Kanhā. J.v.424, 426.

Bhīmasena Jātaka (No.80)

Bhīmatittha-vihāra

Bhindi Sutta.– Due to gain, honour, and fame, Devadatta caused a schism in the Saṅgha. S.ii.239.

Bhinnālavanagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.97.

Bhinnorudīpa.– A monastery in Sri Lanka built by Aggabodhi I for the elder (probably Dāthāsiva) who was living in the Mahāpariveṇa. The revenue from Vattākārapitthi was given for its maintenance. Cv.xlii.26.

Bhīruka Jātaka (No.132)

Bhisa.– A king of three world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Bhisāluvadāyaka. Ap.i.120.

Bhisadāyaka Thera

Bhisa Jātaka (No.488)

Bhisāluvadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he gave some lotus stalks and water to Vipassī Buddha. Three world-cycles ago he was a king named Bhisa. Ap.i.120.

Bhisamulāladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-two world-cycles ago he met Phussa Buddha alone in the forest and gave him lotus stalks and petals. Ap.i.286 f.

Bhisapuppha Jātaka.– see Siṅghapuppha Jātaka (No.392)

Bhīta Sutta.– The Buddha, in answer to a deva’s question, says that if a man be pure in word, deed, and thought, has faith, and is generous, he need not fear life in another world. S.i.42.

Bhiyya.– One of the chief lay patrons of Paduma Buddha. Bu.ix.23.

Bhiyyasa (Bhīya)

Bhoganagara.– A town in the Vajji country.

Bhogasamhara petavatthu.– The story of a woman of Rājagaha who, having earned money by selling things with false measures, was born in the peta world. Pv.iv.14; PvA.278 f

Bhoga Sutta.– The five disadvantages of riches and also the five advantages of the same. A.iii.259.

Bhogavatī.– A palace in the Nāga world, the residence of the Nāga king Varuna, father of Irandatī. J.vi. 269, 270.

Bhoja

Bhojājānīya Jātaka (No.23)

Bhojakagiri.– A vihāra in Kālinga, built by Asoka, at the cost of ten million, for his brother Tissa-kumāra (Ekavihāriya). ThagA.i.506, 507.

Bhojanadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he gave a meal to Vessabhū Buddha. Twenty-five world-cycles ago he was a king named Amitābha. Ap.i.253.

Bhojanasuddhika.– The Bodhisatta born as the king of Bārāṇasī. See the Dūta Jātaka (No.260) J.ii.319, 321.

Bhojana Sutta

Bhojana Vagga.– The fourth section of the Pācittiya of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.iv. 69‑90.

Bhojaputta

Bhokkanta.– A village in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka. Till deserted by its inhabitants (probably through fear of the Damiḷā), it was the residence of Sumanā, wife of Lakuntaka Atimbara (DhA.iv.50).

Bhujaka.– A tree with fragrant wood, found only in Gandhamādana. VvA.162.

Bhujangadvāra.– One of the gates of Pulatthippura. Cv.lxxiii.162.

Bhūmicāla Sutta

Bhūmicāla Vagga.– The seventh chapter of the Atthaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.293‑313.

Bhūmija Sutta

Bhūmija Thera

Bhūmiya.– A king of fifteen world-cycles ago; a previous birth of Nāgasamāla. Ap.i.119.

Bhummā.– A class of devā, earth bound deities. They belong to the lowest category of devā, e.g., A.iv.119.

Bhummaja.– One of the group of six monks (Chabbaggiyā). His followers were called Bhummajakā.

Bhuñjatī.– Wife of Vessavaṇa and a devout follower of the Buddha.

Bhūridatta.– The Bodhisatta born as the son of the Nāga king, Dhataraṭṭha. See the Bhūridatta Jātaka.

Bhūridatta Jātaka (No.543)

Bhūripañha Jātaka (No.452)

Bhūripañña.– One hundred and seven world-cycles ago there were four kings of this name, previous births of Paccupatthānasaññaka (Ekudāniya Thera). Ap.i.153; ThagA.i.153.

Bhūripaññā Sutta.– Four conditions which, if developed, lead to extensive insight. S.v.412.

Bhusāgara

Bhūta

Bhūta Sutta

Bhūtagana.– A mountain near Himavā. Ap.i.179; ThagA.i.215.

Bhūtamangalagāma.– A village in the Coḷa country in South India. Buddhadatta lived there in a monastery built by Venhudāsa. P.L.C.107.

Bhūtapāla

Bhūtapāla-Nanda.– One of the Nava-Nandā.

Bhūta-pariveṇa.– A monastic building erected by Aggabodhi VIII (Cv.xlix.46). It was probably attached to the Bhūtārāma.

Bhūtavālika.– A millionaire’s son, held up as an example of a devout follower of the Buddha (AA.i.335). He is probably identical with Bhūtapālasetthi.

Bhuttakatittha.– A ford, probably on the Mahāvālukanadī. It was two leagues from Vālagāma-vihāra. See Tambasumana.

Bhuvanekabāhu

Bhuvanekabāhu-pariveṇa

Bījagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka where Mahallaka Nāga built the Tānaveli-vihāra. Mhv.xxxv.125.

Bīja Sutta

Bījagāma Sutta.– Few abstain from damaging plant life, most do not. S.v.469.

Bījaka

Bilālapādaka

Bilālidāyaka Thera

Bilangika Bhāradvāja

Bilangika Bhāradvāja Sutta.– Relates the story of the conversion of Bilangika Bhāradvāja. S.i.164.

Bilāravata Jātaka (No.128)

Bilāra Sutta

Bilārikosiya Jātaka (No.450)

Bilārikosiya.– A rich miser whom Sakka converted into a generous donor. See the Bilārikosiya Jātaka.

Billagāmatittha.– A ford in the Mahāvālukagangā, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxii.48,122.

Billaphaliya Thera.– An Arahant. He was an ascetic living on the banks of the Candabhāgā in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. One day he gave the Buddha a wood-apple (billa) from the tree which grew in his grove. Ap.ii.397.

Billasela.– A mountain in Sri Lanka. Vijayabāhu III built, on its summit, a temple for the Tooth Relic (Cv.lxxxi.33; see also Cv.Trs.ii.138, n.4). From there the Relic was removed by Parakkamabāhu II to Jambuddoni. Cv.lxxxii.7.

Billasela-vihāra.– A monastery on Billasela, where Bhuvanekabāhu, brother of Parakkamabāhu II, erected, under the king’s orders, a pariveṇa called the Bhuvanekabāhu pariveṇa. Cv.lxxxv.59.

Bimbādevī.– See Rāhulamātā.

Bimbasundarī.– Probably another name for Bimbādevī. She is identified with Amarādevi of the Umaṅga Jātaka. J.vi.478.

Bimbī.– An eminent laywoman, follower of the Buddha. A.iv.347; AA.ii.791.

Bimbijāliya Thera.– An Arahant. In the past he gave a bimbijālika flower to Padumuttara Buddha. Sixty-eight world-cycles ago he was king four times under the name of Kiñjakesara. Ap.i.225.

Bimbisāra

Bindumatī

Bindusāra

Bīranatthambhaka Vagga.– The seventh chapter of the Duka Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā. J.ii.164 ff.

Bīrānī

Bodhāhārakula, Bodhidhārakula

Bodhanā Sutta.– The Buddha explains to a monk, in answer to his question, that the factors of enlightenment (bojjhaṅga) are so called because they conduce to wisdom. S.v.83.

Bodhi

Bodhī.– Daughter of Kassapa I. Cv.xxxix.11.

Bodhiāvāta.– A village in Rohaṇa mentioned in the accounts of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.97, 146.

Bodhigāmavara.– A village and district in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkāmabāhu I. Cv.lxvi.78; lxix.9; lxx.88; for its identification see Cv.Trs.i.259, n. 1.

Bodhighariya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he built a pavilion by the Bodhi tree of Siddhattha Buddha. Sixty-five world-cycles ago he became king in Kāsika, which city was built for him by Vissakamma, ten leagues long and eight broad. His palace was called Mangala. Ap.ii.401.

Bodhigutta

Bodhiguttā.– A nun of the Hatthālhakārāma in Anurādhapura, colleague of Sanghamittā. She belonged to the Moriya clan and was the elder sister of Sunandā, wife of Bodhigutta. Mbv. 169.

Bodhimanda

Bodhimanda-vihāra see Bodhimanda

Bodhimātu Mahātissa Thera.– He came through the air to receive from Dutthagāmanī a share of the food that the latter had obtained while fleeing from Culanganiyapitthi. According to other accounts the Thera’s name was Kutumbiyaputta Tissa. AA.i.366.

Bodhirājakumāra Sutta

Bodhirukka

Bodhisammajjaka Thera.– An Arahant. In the past he picked up leaves from the courtyard of a Bodhi tree and cleaned it (Ap.ii.457). He is probably identical with Tissa Thera. ThagA.i.105 f.

Bodhisatta

Bodhisenapabbatagāma.– A village in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka where Vikkamabāhu II defeated Mānābharaṇa and his two brothers. Cv.lxi.33.

Bodhisiñcaka Thera v.l. Bodhisaññaka.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago, when a great festival was being held in honour of the Bodhi-tree of Vipassī Buddha, he sprinkled perfumed water on the tree. Thirty-three world-cycles ago he became king eight times under the name of Udakāsecana (Ap.i.131).

Bodhi Sutta.– On the seven factors of enlightenment (bojjhaṅga) as the seven things that cause not decline (aparihāniyā dhammā). A.iv.23.

Bodhitalagāma.– A village on the road from Gangāsiripura to Samantakūta where Devappatirāja built a bridge. Cv.lxxxvi.21.

Bodhī-Theri.– A friend of Isidāsī, who related the story of her own past lives at the request of Bodhī. ThigA.p.261.

Bodhitissa.– A chieftain, probably of Malaya. He built the Bodhitissa-vihāra. Cv.xlvi.30.

Bodhitissa-vihāra–. See Bodhitissa above.

Bodhi-Upatthāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Eighteen world-cycles ago he was born in Rammavatī under the name of Muraja and paid great homage to the Bodhi tree. Fifteen world-cycles ago he was a king named Damatha. Ap.i.174.

Bodhī-Uppalavannā Kassapagiri.– The name given to the enlarged monastery at Issarasamanārāma built by Kassapa I. Cv.xxxix.11; see also Cv.Trs.i.43, n.7.

Bodhi Vagga.– The first chapter of the Udāna.

Bodhivāla.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Kitti (Vijayabāhu I). Cv.lvii.54.

Bodhivaṃsa.– See Mahābodhivaṃsa.

Bodhivandaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he saw the pātali bodhi-tree of Vipassī Buddha and worshipped it. Ap.i.290.

Bodhāya Sutta.– A certain  monk approaches the Blessed One and asks why the factors of enlightenment (bojjhaṅgha) are so called. The Buddha says that it because they lead to awakening. S.v.83.

Bojjhā, Bocchā.– An eminent female lay disciple. The Aṅguttaranikāya (A.iv.259, also 347) records a visit paid by her to the Buddha at Jetavana.

Bojjhā Sutta.– Records the visit of Bojjhā (q.v.) to the Buddha and his discourse to her on the benefits of observing the uposatha. A.iv.259 ff.

Bojjhanga Sutta

Bojjhanga Saṃyutta.– The second section (forty-sixth Saṃyutta) of the Mahā Vagga of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.v.61 ff.

Bojjhangakathā.– The third chapter of the Yuganaddha Vagga of the Patisambhidāmagga.

Bojjhaṅgadesanāsutta.– On the seven factors of enlightenment. S.5.83.

Bojjhangakosalla Sutta.– One of the sections of the Bojjhanga Saṃyutta. VibhA.229, 231; the reference is to S.v.112 f.

Bojjhangasākacca Vagga.– The sixth chapter of the Bojjhanga Saṃyutta. S.v.102 ff.

Bokusala.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.169.

Bolagāma.– A village mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.6.

Brahāchatta Jātaka (No.336)

Brahma.– See Brahmaloka.

Brahma Sutta

Brahmacariya Sutta

Brahmacariyogadha Sutta.– Endowed with four things a Stream-winner is safe from the downfall and assured of enlightenment. What four? He has firm confidence in the Buddha, Dhamma, and Saṅgha, and unbroken morality beloved by the Noble Ones. S.v.343.

Brahmadatta

Brahmadatta Jātaka (No.323)

Brahmadatta-kumāra

Brahmadeva

Brahmadeva Sutta.– Records the story of Brahmadeva Thera (3) and his mother. S.i.140 ff.

Brahmajāla Sutta

Brahmakāyikā devā.– See Brahmaloka.

Brahmāli Thera

Brahmā Saṃyutta.– The sixth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.i.136‑59.

Brahmaloka

Brahmaloka Sutta.– Two solitary Brahmā gods visited the Blessed One while he was in seclusion, but deciding that it was not the right time, they resorted to the Brahmāloka to stir up the Brahmā gods dwelling there. S.i.146.

Brāhmana Saṃyutta.– The seventh section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.i.160‑84.

Brāhmana Sutta See also: Aññatrabrāhmaṇa Sutta, Uṇṇabhabrāhmaṇa Sutta, etc.

Brāhmana Vagga:- The twenty-sixth chapter of the Dhammapada

Brāhmanadhammika Sutta

Brāhmanagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, near which Mahāsena built the Kalandavihāra.– MT.685.

Brāhmanagāmavāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.32.

Brāhmanatissa-cora, °bhaya

Brahmanimantanika Sutta

Brahmañña Sutta

Brahmapārisajja, Brahmapurohita.– See Brahmaloka.

Brahmavaddhana 1.– An old name for Bārānasī (J.iv.119). A king named Manoja reigned there. For details see the Sonananda Jātaka. J.v.312 ff.

Brahmavaddhana 2.– Son of Metteyya Buddha before his Renunciation. Anāgatavaṃsa, vs.48.

Brahmavatī.– A brahminee, the mother of Metteyya Buddha. Vism.434; DhSA.415; Dvy.60; Anāgatavaṃsa, vs. 96.

Brahmāyācana Sutta.– Brahma Sahampati visits the Buddha at Uruvelā when he is pondering that the Dhamma is difficult to penetrate, and hesitating about teaching it. Sahampati request him to teach. (S.i.135 ff)

Brahmāyu

Brahmāyu Sutta.– Records the story of the conversion of Brahmāyu.

Bubbula.– A village in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.99; see Cv.Trs.i.295, n.4.

Budalavitthi.– A village in Sri Lanka where Vijayabāhu I. erected five dwelling places for the monks on the spot where his parents had been cremated. Cv.lx.57.

Buddha

Buddhā.– Wife of Prince Bodhi and, later, of Moggallāna. By Bodhi she had a daughter Lokitā and by Moggallāna four children: Kitti (afterwards Vijayabāhu I), Mittā, Mahinda and Rakkhita. Cv.lvii.40.

Buddha Sutta.– The Buddha says that it was by developing and cultivating the four basis of success that attained supreme Enlightenment. S.v.257.

Buddhabhelagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka given by Jetthā, wife of Aggabodhi IV, for the maintenance of the Jetthārāma. Cv.xvli.28.

Buddhadāsa

Buddhadatta Thera

Buddhadeva Thera.– A member of the Mahimsāsaka sect. He was one of the three monks — the others being Atthadassī and Buddhamitta — at whose suggestion the Jātakaṭṭhakathā was written. J.i.1.

Buddhagāma-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka for the maintenance of which Sena II gifted a village. Cv.li.74.

Buddhagāma.– A village and district in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka. It is mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lviii.43; lxvi.19, 25, 39, 62; lxix.9; lxx.311; lxxii.178; for its identification see Cv.Trs.i.206, n.1.

Buddhagāmakanijjhara.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.45.

Buddhaghosa

Buddhaghosuppatti.– A very late account of the life of Buddhaghosa; it is more a romance than a historical chronicle. For an account of this see Law, Pāḷi Lit.558 f. The work has been translated and edited by Gray (London).

Buddhakula

Buddhālankāra.– A Pāḷi poem by Sīlavaṃsa based on the Sumedhakathā. Bode, p.43.

Buddhamātā.– See Buddhakula.

Buddhamitta

Buddhanāga Thera.– A disciple of Sāriputta of Sri Lanka. He wrote the Vinayatthamañjūsā on the Kankhāvitaranī at the request of a monk named Sumedha. Gv.61 f., 71; SadS.65; Svd.1212; P.L.C.201.

Buddhanāyaka, Buddhanātha.– A general of Mānābharana (2). He was defeated at Nāla by the Kesadhātu Rakkha. Later, during eight days, he fought at Pillavitthi a battle against the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. and again against the Adhikārin Rakkha. He was killed in the last-named conflict. Cv.lxx.296; lxxii.171, 266, 270. See Cv.Trs.i.311,n.2.

Buddhapakinnakhandha.– The twelfth chapter of the Buddhavaṃsa.

Buddhapitā.– See Buddhakula.

Buddhappiya

Buddharāja.– A powerful man of Rohaṇa who is said to have quarrelled with Loka, ruler of Kājaragāma. Cv.lvii.45.

Buddharakkhita

Buddhasaññaka

Buddhasīha

Buddhasiri.– A monk of the Mahāvihāra, at whose request Buddhaghosa wrote the Samantapāsādikā. Sp.i.2.

Buddhasoma.– A monk of Sri Lanka, friend of Ānanda, the author of the Saddhammopāyana. The work was composed by Ānanda to be sent as a religious gift to Buddhasoma. P.L.C.212.

Buddha Vagga 1.– The fourteenth chapter of the Dhammapada.

Buddha Vagga 2.– The first chapter of the Nidāna Saṃyutta. S.ii.1‑11.

Buddhavaṃsa

Buddhavandanā Sutta.– Brahma Sahampati and Sakka visit the Blessed One at Jetavana and recite a verse on venerating the Buddha. S.i.233.

Buddhavīmamsaka-mānava.– See Uttara (9).

Buddhi Sutta.– The seven factors of enlightenment lead to growth and non-decline. S.v.94.

Buddhija, Buddhiya.– Personal attendant of Kakusandha Buddha. Bu.xxiii.20; J.i.42; D.ii.6.

Buddhippasādinī.– A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on the Padasādhana by Srī Rāhula of the fifteenth century. P.L.C.205.

Buddhupatthāka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he blew a conch shell in honour of Vipassī Buddha. Twenty-four world-cycles ago he became king sixteen times under the name of Mahānigghosā (Ap.i.138 f). He is probably identical with Vimala Thera. ThagA.i.122 f.

Buddhupaṭṭhāyika Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he was named Vetambarī and his father dedicated him to the service of Sikhī Buddha (?). Twenty-three world-cycles ago he became king four times under the name of Samanūpatthaka. Ap.i.242.

Būkakalla.– A village in Sri Lanka near which was the Ambavāpī given by Potthakuttha to the Mātambiya padhānaghara. Cv.xlvi.20.

Bulī

Bumū

Burudatthalī.– A ford across the Mahāvālukagangā. Cv.lxxii.36.

Byaggha Jātaka (No.272)

Byasanā Sutta.– The five losses — of kin (ñāti), wealth (bhoga), health (roga), virtue (sīla), right-view (diṭṭhi). Their opposites are the five attainments (sampadā). A.iii.147.

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