A country often mentioned in the Nikāyas and in later literature as a mythical region. A detailed description of it is given in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta. (D.iii.199 ﬀ; here Uttarakuru is spoken of as a city, pura; see also Uttarakuru in Hopkins: Epic Mythology, especially p.186). The men who live there own no property nor have they wives of their own; they do not have to work for their living. The corn ripens by itself and sweet-
The king of Uttarakuru is Kuvera, also called Vessavaṇa, because the name of his citadel (? rājadhāni) is Visāna. His proclamations are made known by Tatolā, Tattalā, Tatotalā, Ojasi, Tejasi, Tetojasi, Sūra, Rāja, Arittha and Nemi. Mention is also made of a lake named Dharanī and a hall named Bhagalavati where the yakkhas, as the inhabitants of Uttarakuru are called, hold their assemblies.
The country is always spoken of as being to the north of Jambudīpa. It is eight thousand leagues in extent and is surrounded by the sea (DA.ii.623; BuA.113). Sometimes it is spoken of (e.g., A.i.227; v.59; SnA.ii.443) as one of the four Mahādīpā — the others being Aparagoyāna, Pubbavideha, and Jambudīpa — each being surrounded by five hundred minor islands. These four make up a Cakkavāḷa, with Mount Meru in their midst, a flat-
The trees in Uttarakuru bear perpetual fruit and foliage, and it also possesses a wish-
The men of Uttarakuru surpass even the gods of Tāvatiṃsa in four things:
They are, however, inferior to the men of Jambudīpa in courage, mindfulness and in the religious life (A.iv.396; Kvu.99).
Several instances are given of the Buddha having gone to Uttarakuru for alms. Having obtained his food there, he would go to the Anotatta lake, bathe in its waters and, after the meal, spend the afternoon on its banks (See, e.g., Vin.i.27‑8; DhsA.16; DhA.iii.222). The power of going to Uttarakuru for alms is not restricted to the Buddha; Pacceka Buddhas and various ascetics are mentioned as having visited Uttarakuru on their begging rounds (See, e.g., J.v.316; vi.100; MA.i.340; SnA.ii.420). It is considered a mark of great psychic-
Jotika’s wife was a woman of Uttarakuru; she was brought to Jotika by the gods. She brought with her a single pint pot of rice and three crystals. The rice-
It was natural for the men of Uttarakuru not to transgress virtue, they had natural virtue (pakati-
Uttarakuru is probably identical with the Kuru country mentioned in the Rg-
2. Uttuakuru.– A garden laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxxix.11).