The nineteenth of the twenty-four Buddhas.
- He was born in the Khema park in Bandhumatī, his father being Bandhumā and his mother Bandhumatī. He belonged to the Koṇḍañña clan.
- For eight thousand years he lived as a householder in three palaces: Nanda, Sunanda and Sirimā. His body was eighty cubits in height.
- His wife was Sutanā (v.l. Sudassanā) and his son Samavattakkhandha. He left the household in a chariot and practised austerities for eight months.
- Just before his enlightenment, the daughter of the millionaire Sudassana gave him milk-rice, while a grain-watcher (yavapālaka) named Sujāta gave grass for his seat. His Bodhi was a pātali tree.
- He taught his first discourse in Khemamigadāya to his step-brother Khandha and his chief priest’s son Tissa; these two later became his chief disciples.
- His constant attendant was Asoka; Candā and Candamittā were his chief women disciples. His chief lay patrons were Punabbasummitta and Nāga among men, and Sirimā and Uttarā among women.
- He died in Sumittārāma at the age of eighty thousand, and his relics were enshrined in a thūpa seven leagues in height.
- The Bodhisatta was a Nāga king named Atula.¹
Three reasons are given for the name of this Buddha:² 1) Because he could see as well by night as by day; 2) because he had broad eyes; 3) because he could see clearly after investigation. Vipassī held the uposatha only once in seven years,³ but on such occasions the whole Saṅgha was present.⁴ The construction of a Gandhakuṭi for Vipassī brought Meṇḍaka great glory in the present age. Meṇḍaka’s name at the time was Avaroja.⁵ Aññāta-Koṇḍañña was then known as Cūḷakāla, and nine times he gave Vipassī Buddha the first fruits of his fields.⁶
¹ Bu.xx.1 ﬀ; BuA.195 f; D.ii.2 ﬀ. ² BuA.195; cf. DA.ii.454; SA.ii.15 ³ DhA.iii.236.
⁴ Sp.i.186. ⁵ DhA.iii.364 f ⁶ DhA.i.81 f.