Mahāmāyā was his chief consort, and, after her death her sister Pajāpatī was raised to her position (Mhv.ii.15 f; Dpv.iii.45; J.i.15, etc.).
When soothsayers predicted that his son Gotama had two destinies awaiting him, either that of universal sovereignty or of Buddhahood, he exerted his utmost power to provide the prince with all kinds of luxuries in order to hold him fast to household life. It is said (e.g., J.i.54) that when Asita, who was his father’s chaplain and his own teacher, visited Suddhodana to see the newly born prince, and paid homage to the infant by allowing his feet to rest on his head, Suddhodana was filled with wonder and himself worshipped the child. And when, at the ploughing ceremony, Suddhodana saw how the jambu-
Later, when, in spite of all his father’s efforts, the prince had left household life and was practising austerities, news was brought to Suddhodana that his son had died owing to the severity of his penances. However, he refused to believe it, saying that his son would never die without achieving his goal (J.i.67). When this was afterwards related to the Buddha, he taught the Mahādhammapāla Jātaka and showed that in the past, too, Suddhodana had refused to believe that his son could have died even when he was shown the heap of his bones.
When news reached Suddhodana that his son had reached Enlightenment, he sent a messenger to Veḷuvana in Rājagaha with ten thousand others to invite the Buddha to visit Kapilavatthu. However, the messenger and his companions heard the Buddha teach, entered the Order, and forgot their mission. Nine times this happened. On the tenth occasion, Suddhodana sent Kāludāyī with permission for him to enter the Order on the express condition that he gave the king’s invitation to the Buddha. Kāludāyī kept his promise and the Buddha visited Kapilavatthu, staying in the Nigrodhārāma. There, in reference to a shower of rain that fell, he taught the Vessantara Jātaka. The next day, when Suddhodana remonstrated with the Buddha because he was seen begging in the streets of Kapilavatthu, the Buddha told him that begging was the custom of all Buddhas, and Suddhodana hearing this became a Stream-
He became a Non-
Nanda was Suddhodana’s son by Pajāpati, and he had also a daughter called Sundarī-
Suddhodana was the Bodhisatta’s father in numerous births, but he is specially mentioned as such by name in only a few Jātaka stories e.g.,