1. Dhammapāla Thera.– An Arahant. He was a brahmin of Avanti and studied in Takkasilā. While returning from there after completing his studies, he saw a monk dwelling apart and, having heard the Dhamma from him, entered the Order and became an Arahant. We are told that one day, while meditating, he saw two novices climbing a tree in the vihāra to pick flowers. The bough broke and they fell, but he, with his psychic-
2. Dhammapāla.– A brahmin, son of the Bodhisatta. See Mahā-
3. Dhammapāla.– The Bodhisatta born as the son of Mahā-
4. Dhammapāla.– The Bodhisatta born as the son of King Mahāpatāpa. For his story see the Cūḷa-
5. Dhammapāla.– A name given to Vidhurapaṇḍita. J.vi.289, 291.
8. Dhammapāla.– A celebrated author, generally referred to as Ācariya. Various works are attributed to him, but as there seem to have been several authors of the same name (Gv. (p.66 f ) mentions four), it is difficult to assign their works separately. The best known, distinguished by the name of Ācariya, is said (Gv. p.69) to have written fourteen books. The Sāsanavaṃsa (p.33) records that he lived at Badaratittha in South India.
His works show that he was a native of Kāñcipura. His period is uncertain, though it is generally agreed that he is posterior to Buddhaghosa. He seems to have studied in the Mahāvihāra, because he mentions this fact in the introduction to his books (e.g., the Petavatthu Commentary). It is quite likely that he studied the Tamil Commentaries as well and that he wrote at Badaratittha. (Hiouen Thsang, Beal. ii.229, says that Dhammapāla was a clever youth of Kāñcipura and that the king gave him his daughter. However, Dhammapāla, not wishing to marry, prayed before an image of the Buddha. The gods took him to a place far away where he was ordained by the monks).
The Khuddakanikāya was his chief study, and seven of his works are commentaries on the books of poetry preserved in the Canon — the Thera° and Theri-
9. Dhammapāla.– A thera of Sri Lanka, generally called Culla-