1. Jotika, Jotiya.– A treasurer of Rājagaha who later became an Arahant. In the past he had been a householder of Bārāṇasī who, with his elder brother, owned a field of sugar-
In the time of Vipassī Buddha they were again brothers in a rich family of Bandhumatī, the elder being called Sena and the younger Aparājita. Sena entered the Order and became an Arahant. At his suggestion, Aparājita (According to DhA.iii.364, both uncle and nephew were called Avaroja) built for the Buddha a very costly Gandhakuṭi, with the seven kinds of precious things. His nephew, also called Aparājita, built an elephant stable in front of the Gandhakuṭi and was reborn in this age as Meṇḍaka. The Gandhakuṭi and its surroundings contained all kinds of luxuries and splendours beyond description. (For details see DhA.iv.203 f). Within and without the chamber he caused jewels, pounded and otherwise, to be strewn knee deep. Those who came to listen to the Buddha went away, their hands full of jewels. One day a brahmin tried to carry away a very costly jewel, which much annoyed Aparājita. On mentioning it to the Buddha, the Buddha taught him to make a wish that his property should not be taken away by thieves or lost by fire or water. For nine months Aparājita held the ceremony of dedication of the Gandhakuṭi.
In this age he was born as the son of a millionaire (seṭṭhi) in Rājagaha. On the day of his birth the whole city became one blaze of light, hence his name, Jotika. The king, Bimbisāra, gave one thousand a day for his milk-
The gods brought him a wife from Uttarakuru and lodged her in an apartment in Jotika’s palace. Her name was Satulakāyī (DhA.iv.223). She brought with her a pint-
Jotika was a very pious follower of the Buddha. Once, when he was away listening to the Buddha’s teaching, Ajātasattu — who even when visiting the palace as a boy with his father had coveted Jotika’s wealth — went with his soldiers to attack the palace in an attempt to take possession of it. However, the yakkha Yamakolī routed the army, and Ajātasattu fled for refuge to the vihāra where Jotika was listening to the Dhamma. On being charged by Ajātasattu with hypocrisy in that he was there listening to the Dhamma, after having charged his guards to set upon the king, Jotika’s answer was that he had no need of guards since nobody could take anything of his without his sanction. He then challenged the king to remove the rings from his (Jotika’s) fingers. Ajātasattu, trying with all his might, failed. Jotika then held out his hands and his rings all fell off. Agitated by the king’s desire to possess his wealth, Jotika asked for permission to become a monk. Ajātasattu agreed, hoping thus to get possession of his riches. Jotika entered the Order and soon became an Arahant, but at the moment of his attainment of Arahantship all his wealth and earthly glory vanished and his wife returned to Uttarakuru (DhA.iv.221‑4).
Jotika is included among the five persons who possessed great merit and had special powers due to merit (puññiddhi).
DhA.i.385; Vism.383; PsA.502. These five persons are described as immeasurable wealth (amitabhogā) (AA.i.405).
2. Jotika.– A householder of Rājagaha and father of Dīghāvu. When Dīghāvu fell ill he sent Jotika to tell the Buddha (S.v.344 f).