“Monks, there are these eight powers. What eight? Crying is the power of a child, anger is the power of a woman, a weapon is the power of a thief, sovereignty is the power of a monarch, complaining (ujjhatti)² is the power of a fool, satisfaction (nijjhatti)³ is the power of the wise, reflection (paṭisaṅkhāna) is the power of the learned, patience (khanti)⁴ is the power of a recluses and priests. These, monks, are the eight powers.”
1. There are numerous discourses on powers. This is the first of two, named the Paṭhama Bala Suttaṃ.
2. Although complaining is a weakness, by complaining and showing irritation, blaming others for his or her own failings, etc., the fool fulfils his or her own ends, or avoids responsibility for his or her own mistakes, because good people don’t wish to dispute with a fool.
3. Satisfaction is the opposite of discontent. The wise person accepts situations as they are without complaint. For the wise, the cup is always half full; for the fool, it is always half empty.
4. Patience, forbearance and endurance (adhivāsana).