One of the republican clans in the time of the Buddha. The Koliyā owned two chief settlements — one at Rāmagāma and the other at Devadaha. The Commentaries (DA.i.260 f; SNA.i.356 f; A.ii.558; ThagA.i.546; also Ap.i.94) contain accounts of the origin of the Koliyā. We are told that a king of Bārāṇasī, named Rāma (the Mtu.i.353 calls him Kola and explains from this the name of the Koliyā), suffered from leprosy, and being detested by the women of the court, he left the kingdom to his eldest son and retired into the forest. There, living on woodland leaves and fruits, he soon recovered, and, while wandering about, came across Piyā, the eldest of the five daughters of Okkāka, she herself being afflicted with leprosy. Rāma, having cured her, married her, and they begot thirty-
According to the Kuṇāla Jātaka (J.v.413), when the Sākyā wished to abuse the Koliyā, they said that the Koliyā had once “lived like animals in a Kola-
Attached probably to the Koliyan central authorities, was a special body of officials, presumably police, who wore a distinguishing headdress with a drooping crest (Lambacūḷakābhatā). They bore a bad reputation for extortion and violence (S.iv.341).
Besides the places already mentioned, several other townships of the Koliyā, visited by the Buddha or by his disciples, are mentioned in literature — e.g., Uttara, the residence of the headman Pāṭaliya (S.iv.340); Sajjanela, residence of Suppavāsā (A.ii.62); Sāmūga, where Ānanda once stayed (A.ii.194); Kakkarapatta, where lived Dīghajānu (A.iv.281); and Haliddavasana, residence of the ascetics Puṇṇa Koliyaputta and Seniya (M.i.387; see also S.v.115). Nisabha (ThagA.i.318), Kakudha (SA.i.89) (attendant of Mahā-
After the Buddha’s death the Koliyā of Rāmagāma claimed and obtained one-
See also s.v. Suppavāsā.