1. Devadaha.– A township (nigama) of the Sākyā. The Buddha stayed there during his tours and taught the monks on various topics (S.iii.5 f; iv.124 f; M.ii.214). According to the Commentaries (J.i.52; BuA.226; MA.ii.924, 1021, etc; ThigA.182) it was the city of the birth of Mahāmāyā and of Mahāpajāpatī Gotamī and of their companions, who married the Sākyā of Kapilavatthu.
The Lumbinīvana, where the Buddha was born, was near Devadaha. The name was originally that of a lake, so called either because kings held their sports in it (devā vuccanti rājāno tesaṃ maṅgaladaho), or because it came into existence without human intervention, hence divine (sayañjāto vā so daho, tasmā pi Devadaho). The name was later transferred to the village nearby. SA.ii.186; also MA.ii.810. According to the Dulva (Rockhill, p.12), the city was founded by Sākyā from Kapilavatthu, when they grew very numerous. The spot was pointed out by a deva, hence its name.
Devadaha was the residence of Devadaha Sakka (Mhv.ii.17; MT.87) and of Pakkha Thera (ThagA.i.114).
1. Devadaha Vagga.– The eleventh section of the Majjhimanikāya (suttas 101‑10), the Devadaha Sutta being its first sutta. M.ii.214 ﬀ.
1. Devadaha Sutta.– Taught to the monks at Lumbinīvana (MA.ii.810), in Devadaha. It deals with the teaching of the Nigaṇṭhā, that whatsoever the individual experience, it comes from former actions. The sutta also gives ten beliefs of the Nigaṇṭhā, which, the Buddha says, are to be condemned. In contrast to these, ten statements are made respecting the Tathāgata, which are intrinsically true. M.ii.214 ﬀ.
2. Devadaha Sutta.– Taught to the monks at Devadaha. Some monks, going to reside in the western districts, come to the Buddha to take leave of him. He advises them, before starting, to visit Sāriputta, whom he extols. This they do, and Sāriputta explains to them the fundamental teachings of the Buddha so that they may be ready to answer any questions that may be put to them. S.iii.6 ﬀ.
3. Devadaha Sutta.– While staying at Devadaha, the Buddha addressed the monks that he does not say of all monks that they have work to do regarding the six senses. Those who are still trainees have work to do to so that pleasant and unpleasant sense contacts do not obsess the mind, even when experienced repeatedly. S.iv.124.