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Sujātā

1. Sujātā.– A leading female disciple (aggasāvikā) of Sobhita Buddha. J.i.35; Bu.vii.22.

2. Sujātā.– A leading female disciple (aggasāvikā) of Piyadassī Buddha. J.i.39; Bu.xiv.21.

3. Sujātā.– Mother of Padumuttara Buddha. J.i.37; Bu.xi.19; MA.ii.722; DhA.i.417.

4. Sujātā.– Mother of Koṇḍañña Buddha. Bu.iii.25; J.i.30.

5. Sujātā.– An Asura maiden who became the wife of Sakka. See Sujā.

6. Sujātā.– Daughter of Senānī, a landowner of the village of Senānī near Uruvelā. She made a promise to the god of the banyan tree nearby that she would offer a meal of milk-rice to the god if she gave birth to a son. Her wish was fulfilled, the son was born, and she sent her maid, Puṇṇā, to prepare the place for the offering. This was on the very day of the Buddha’s Enlightenment, and Puṇṇā, finding Gotama sitting under the banyan, thought that he was the tree god present in person to receive the offering. She brought the news to Sujātā, who, in great joy, brought the food in a golden bowl and offered it to him.

Gotama took the bowl to the river bank, bathed at the Suppatiṭṭhita ford and ate the food. This was his only meal for forty-nine days. J.i.68 f; DhA.i.71, etc. In Lal.334‑7 (267 f ) nine girls are mentioned as giving food to the Buddha during his austerities. Cf. Dvy.392, where two are given, Nandā and Nandabalā.

Sujātā’s meal was considered one of the most important of those offered to the Buddha, and the Devā, therefore, added to it divine flavours.

Yasa (q.v.) was Sujātā’s son, and when he attained Arahantship his father, who had come in search of him, became the Buddha’s follower and invited him to a meal. The Buddha accepted the invitation and went with Yasa to the house. The Buddha taught at the end of the meal, and both Sujātā and Yasa’s wife became Stream-winners. On that day Sujātā took the threefold formula of Refuge. She thus became foremost among lay women who had taken the threefold formula (aggaṃ upāsikānaṃ pathamaṃ saranaṃ gacchantīnaṃ) (SNA.i.154; D.ii.135). She had made an earnest resolve to attain this eminence in the time of Padumuttara Buddha. A.i.26; AA.i.217 f.

7. Sujātā.– A female lay disciple (upāsikā) of Ñātika. The Buddha said that she had become a Stream-winner and had thus assured for herself the attainment of Arahantship. D.ii.92; S.v.356 f.

8. Sujātā.– Youngest sister of Visākhā. She was the daughter of Dhanañjaya-seṭṭhi and was given in marriage to Anāthapiṇḍika’s son. She was very haughty and obstinate. One day, when the Buddha visited Anāthapiṇḍika’s house, she was scolding the servants. The Buddha stopped what he was saying, and, asking what the noise was, sent for her and described to her the seven kinds of wives that were in the world. She listened to the discourse and altered her ways (A.iv.91 f; J.ii.347 f).

The Sujāta Jātaka (No.269) was taught to her.

9. Sujātā.– A maiden of Bārāṇasī. See the Maṇicora Jātaka. She is identified with Rāhulamātā. J.ii.125.

10. Sujātā Therī.– She was the daughter of a millionaire of Sāketa and was given in marriage to a husband of equal rank, with whom she lived happily. One day, while on her way home from a carnival, she saw the Buddha at Añjanavana and listened to his teaching. Even as she sat there her insight was completed, and she became an Arahant. She went home, obtained her husband’s permission, and joined the Order. Thig.145‑50; ThigA.136 f.

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