Ñātika.– (v.l. Nātika, Nādika) A locality in the Vajjī country on the highway between Koṭigāma and Vesāli. The Buddha first went there in the course of one of his tours, and the inhabitants, being greatly attracted by him, built for him a residence in brick, the Giñjakāvasatha (q.v.), which, in the course of time, became a great vihāra (MA.i.424). The Buddha, subsequently, seems to have stayed several times in Nātika. According to the Cūḷagosiṅga Sutta (M.i.205; but according to Vin.i.350 f, which relates this incident, they were in Pācīnavaṃsadāya and the Buddha went there from Bālakaloṇakāragāma) he stayed there soon after the schism of the Kosambī monks and sought the Gosiṅgasālavanadāya, evidently in the neighbourhood where Anuruddha, Nandiya, and Kimbila were in residence.
The Buddha also visited Nātika on his last journey, while on his way to Kusinārā, and was staying there on the day that he accepted Ambapālī's hospitality and her gift of the Ambapālivana (Vin.i.232 f). It was evidently during this stay that Ānanda questioned the Buddha about the lot of various pious inhabitants of Nātika who had been zealous followers of the Buddha’s teaching. Among them several are mentioned by name — the monk Sāḷha, the nun Nandā, Sudatta, Kakudha, Kāḷimba, Nikaṭa, Kaṭissaha, Tuṭṭha, Santuṭṭha, Bhadda, Subhadda, and the female lay disciple Sujātā. The Buddha tells Ānanda of their destiny, and informs him that more than ninety people of Nātika have become Once-
The books spell the name of the village in two ways: Ñātika and Nādika. This doubt as to spelling seems to have existed from quite early times, as the apparent confusion of the etymology leads us to believe. In the Saṃyuttanikāya Commentary (SA.ii.256) Buddhaghosa says: “Ñātiketi dvinnaṃ ñātakānaṃ game.” In the Dīghanikāya Commentary (DA.ii.543), however, he says: “Nādikā ti etaṃ talākaṃ nissāya dvinnaṃ cullapitu-
Ñātika Sutta.– Once the Buddha, while meditating in the Giñjakāvasatha at Nātika, taught a discourse regarding suffering, its arising, and its cessation. A certain monk stood listening, and the Buddha asked him to learn the Doctrine as he had heard it. (S.ii.71; repeated at S.iv.90)
2. Ñātikā (v.l. Ñātikī).– The name, probably of a pond (ṭālaka) near the village of Nātika, and/or the clan who lived in the village. See Ñātika.