A grove to the south west of Rājagaha. In it was the Suppatiṭṭha-cetiya, where the Buddha stayed during his first visit to Rājagaha from Gayāsīsa, after the Enlightenment. There Bimbisāra visited him with twelve myriads (nahuta) of followers, and Uruvela-Kassapa dispelled their doubts by declaring his acceptance of the Buddha as his teacher. It was during this visit that Bimbisāra gifted Veḷuvana to the Buddha and his Order (Vin.i.35 ﬀ; DhA.i.88; AA.i.166; BuA.18, etc.). Eleven myriads with Bimbisāra at their head, became Stream-winners (sotāpanna) at the end of the Buddha’s discourse, which included the Mahānāradakassapa Jātaka. The remaining myriad was established in the Refuges (J.i.84; AA.i.57; also J.vi.219).
The grove evidently received its name from its green liquorice creepers, hence its description as Latthimadhukavana (e.g., J.i.68). Hiouen Thsang calls it Yastivana and describes it as a grove of bamboos, giving accounts of its origin and various stories connected with it. (Beal, op.cit., 145 f; see VT.136).