The name given to the discourse taught by the Buddha at Gayāsīsa in Gayā, after his conversion of the Tebhātikajaṭilā (Uruvela Kassapa, Nadī Kassapa, and Gayā Kassapa).
Everything is burning: the eye, eye-consciousness (cakkhuviññāṇa), eye-contact (cakkhu-samphassa), and the sensations that arise therefrom. It is the same with the other senses: they are aflame with lust, anger, ignorance and the anxieties of birth, decay, death, etc; knowing this, the follower of the Noble Eightfold Path feels revulsion towards them, divests himself of passion for them, ultimately attaining supreme freedom.
At the end of the discourse the thousand monks, formerly fire-worshippers (Jaṭila), who had been listening, became Arahants (Vin.i.34‑5; J.i.82; iv.180, S.iv.210).
It is said that the Ādittapariyāya Sutta was taught on the flat rock (piṭṭhipāsāṇa) at Gayāsīsa (AA.i.166; ThagA.i.435). This is the third recorded discourse of the Buddha.
It is also called the Āditta Sutta. See Āditta Sutta (3).