“These ten facts, monks, should be constantly recollected by one gone-forth. What ten?
These ten facts, monks, should be constantly recollected by one gone-forth.
1. Whether one goes forth from the brahmin or noble caste, from the merchants or workers caste, or from a family of slaves or beggars, one gone-forth loses any status he or she might have had while a householder, and all become equal in the Saṅgha. Whereas, as a householder, one might wear fine clothes, and eat delicious food from gold plates, one gone-forth only wears rag-robes (or whatever suitable robes are offered), and eats any kind of food gathered on almsround from a bowl of iron or clay.
2. The way that a monastic behaves should be graceful and dignified. One gone-forth should not run or jump, dance or play, tap the feet or clap, laugh and make jokes, etc. There are 75 training rules dealing with entering the village for alms, eating and drinking, and urinating, defecating, and spitting. There are many other minor rules outside of the Pātimokkha dealing with decorum.
3. A monastic should reflect whether he or she is fulfilling his or her monastic duties, rehearsing and studying the teachings, and practising systematic attention. A monastic has numerous duties to respect the elders, tend the sick, to look after requisites and dwelling-place, to study the teachings, and to practise meditation. Novices and lay monastery attendants are included in those gone-forth.