A primeval king, descended from Mahāsammata, Roja, Vararoja, Kalyāṇa, Varakalyāṇa and Uposatha, the last named being his father. He was thus an ancestor of the Sākyā. J.ii.311; iii.454; Mtu.ii.2; Dpv.iii.5; but see SNA.i.352, where the genealogy is slightly different.
He had the seven treasures of a Cakkavatti and his four powers. When he clenched his left hand and touched it with his right, a shower of the seven kinds of jewels fell knee deep from the sky. For eighty-
Mandhātu is identified with the Bodhisatta (J.ii.314). His son was Varamandhātu, whose son was Cara and grandson Upacara (or Apacara) (J.iii.454; Dpv.iii.6). Mandhātu ruled at Rājagaha (SNA.ii.413; DA.i.132), and is named as one of the four persons who attained, while yet in their earthly bodies, to the glory of the gods.¹ He is considered as chief of those given up to the pleasures of the senses and as an example of one whose desires could never be satisfied. A.ii.17; AA.ii.474; e.g., VibhA.506. Thig.486.
When Mandhātu went to the deva world he was accompanied by inhabitants of all the four continents. After his return to earth, however, the Cakkaratana, stuck fast in the ground, and the others could not return to their homes. They thereupon begged for the intervention of the minister (parināyaka), who was carrying on the government with Mandhātu’s shoes on the throne. He gave them lands in Jambudīpa. There those who came from Pubba Videha called their land Videharaṭṭha; those from Apara goyāna called it Aparantajanapada, and those from Uttarakuru dwelt in what afterwards came to be known as Kururaṭṭha. DA.ii.482; MA.i.183 f.