A very poor man of Bārāṇasī in the time of Kassapa Buddha. The citizens of Bārāṇasī once invited the Buddha and his monks and went about asking people to help in their entertainment. In spite of their extreme poverty, Mahāduggata and his wife undertook to look after one monk; they both worked hard to earn the necessary money and then prepared a simple meal. Sakka, knowing what was to come, came in the guise of a labourer to help them. When the time came for the meal it was found that in allotting the monks to their several hosts, Mahāduggata’s house had been overlooked. Mahāduggata wrung his hands and burst into tears, but somebody pointed out to him that nobody was yet entertaining the Buddha. He, therefore, went to the vihāra and invited the Buddha, who accepted the invitation, while princes and nobles waited outside wishing to conduct him to their own palaces. The Buddha ate the food prepared by Mahāduggata and Sakka and returned thanks. That same day, by the power of Sakka, the seven kinds of jewels fell from the sky and filled Mahāduggata’s house, and when it was reported to the king that he was the wealthiest man in the city, he was appointed Treasurer. Mahāduggata built a new house and discovered many hidden treasures while digging the foundations. With the money from these he entertained the Buddha and his monks for seven days, and, after death, was reborn in heaven.
He is identified with Paṇḍita Sāmaṇera. DhA.ii.127‑38.